O movimento sindical sul-africano

Um terreno fragmentado e instável

Palavras-chave: Movimento sindical, África do Sul, COSATU, Novas formas de organização

Resumo

Este artigo analisa o estado do movimento sindical sul-africano. Discute os sindicatos no contexto da dinâmica política nacional, incluindo a Aliança Tripartite e o neoliberalismo, bem como a crescente pré-arianização do trabalho na África do Sul. Ele examina as divisões dentro da grande federação e explora os debates em torno da renovação sindical e das novas organizações de traba-lhadores. Argumenta-se que o terreno político é fragmentado e instável, mas a política coletiva de trabalho dos trabalhadores permanece.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Biografia do Autor

Bridget Kenny, University of the Witwatersrand

Associate professor of sociology at the University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa. She works on political subjectivity, gender and race in service work and precarious employment. Her books include Retail Worker Politics, Race and Consumption in South Africa: Shelved in the Service Economy (2018) and Wal-Mart in the Global South, co-edited with Carolina Bank Muñoz and Antonio Stecher (2018).

Referências

Adler, Glenn & Webster, Eddie. (1995), “Challenging transition theory: The labour movement, radical reform, and transition to democracy in South Africa”. Politics and Society, 23 (1): 75-106.

Adler, Glenn & Webster, Eddie (eds.). (2000), Trade Unions and democratization in South Africa, 1985-1997. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.

Alexander, Peter. (2010), “Rebellion of the poor: South Africa’s service delivery protests – A preliminary analysis”. Review of African Political Economy, 37 (123): 25-40.

Amandla! Editorial Team. (2019), “The Mid Term Budget austerity and unemployment plan”. Amandla! 67/68: 18-19.

Ashman, S.; Fine, B. & Newman, S. 2011. “The crisis in South Africa: Neoliberalism, financialization and uneven and combined development.” In: Panitch, Leo; Albo, Greg & Chibber, Vivek (eds.). Socialist Register, vol. 47.

Barchiesi, Franco. (2011), Precarious liberation: Workers, the State, and contested social citizenship in postapartheid South Africa. Albany, State University of New York Press.

Benjamin, Paul. (2014), “The persistence of unfree labour: The rise of temporary employment agencies in South Africa and Namibia”. In: Fudge, Judy & Strauss, Kendra (eds.). Temporary work, agencies and unfree labour: Insecurity in the new world of work. New York, Routledge, pp. 118-142.

Bennie, Andrew. (2019), “Mining will not bring jobs to Xolobeni”. Daily Maverick, 15, January. Available at https://www.dailymaverick.co.za/article/2019-01-15-mining-will-not-bring-jobs-to-xolobeni/.

Benya, Asanda. (2015), “The invisible hands: Women in Marikana,” Review of African Political Economy, 42 (146): 545-560.

Bezuidenhout, Andries & Fakier, Khayaat. (2006), “Maria’s Burden: Contract cleaning and the crisis of social reproduction in post-apartheid South Africa”. Antipode 38 (3): 462-485.

Bezuidenhout, Andries & Tshoaedi, Malehoko (eds.). (2017), Labour beyond cosatu: Mapping the rupture in South Africa’s labour landscape. Johannesburg, Wits University Press.

Bramble, Tom & Barchiesi, Franco (eds.). (2003), Rethinking the labour movement in the ‘New South Africa’. New York, Ashgate Press.

Buhlungu, Sakhela. (2010), A paradox of victory: cosatu and the transformation in South Africa. Durban, Ukzn Press.

Buhlungu, Sakhela & Ellis, Stephen. (2012). “The trade union movement and the Tripartite Alliance: a tangled history”. In: Buhlungu, S. & Tshoaedi, M. (eds.). cosatu’s contested legacy: South African trade unions in the second decade of democracy. Pretoria, hsrc, pp. 259-282.

Buhlungu, Sakhela & Tshoaedi, Malehoko (eds.). (2012), cosatu’s Contested legacy: South African trade unions in the second decade of democracy. Pretoria, hsrc.

Buhlungu, Sakhela & Tshoaedi, Malehoko. (2012), “A contested legacy: organizational and political challenges facing cosatu”. In: Buhlungu, S. & Tshoaedi, M. (eds.). cosatu’s contested legacy: South African trade unions in the second decade of democracy. Pretoria, hsrc, pp. 1-31.

Ceruti, Claire. (2010), “Maturing contradictions: The 2010 public sector strike in South Africa”. Global Labour Column, 43, December.

Clarke, Marlea. (2004), “Challenging segmentation in South Africa’s labour market: ‘Regulated flexibility’ or flexible regulation?”. In: Stanford, Jim & Vosko, Leah F. (eds.). Challenging the market: The struggle to regulate work and income. Montreal, McGill-Queen’s University Press, pp. 97-118.

Desai, Ashwin. (2002), We are the Poors: Community Struggles in Post-apartheid South Africa. New York, Monthly Review Press.

Dickinson, David. (2017), “Contracting out of the Constitution: Labour brokers, post office casual workers and the failure of South Africa’s industrial relations framework”. Journal of Southern African Studies, 43 (4): 789-803.

Fakier, Khayaat & Cock, Jacklyn. (2009), “A gendered analysis of the crisis of social reproduction in contemporary South Africa”. International Feminist Journal of Politics 11 (3): 353-371.

Fine, Ben. (2012), “Assessing South Africa’s new growth path: framework for change?” Review of African Political Economy, 39 (134): 551-568.

Finn, Arden. (2015), A National minimum wage in the context of the South African Labour Market. Working Paper Series n. 1. Johannesburg, National Minimum Wage Research Initiative, University of the Witwatersrand.

Freund, William. (2013), “Swimming against the tide: The macro-economic research group in the South African transition 1991-94”. Review of African Political Economy, 40 (138): 519-536.

Gentle, Leonard. (2015), “What about the workers? The demise of cosatu and the emergence of a new movement”. Review of African Political Economy, 42 (146): 666-677.

Hall, Stuart. (1985), “Signification, representation, ideology: Althusser and the post-structuralist debates”. Critical Studies in Mass Communication, 2 (2): 91-114.

Hart, Gillian. (2008), “The provocations of neoliberalism: Contesting the nation and liberation after apartheid”. Antipode, 40 (4): 678-705.

Hart, Gillian. (2013), Rethinking the South African crisis: National, populism, hegemony. Athens and London, University of Georgia Press.

Hlatshwayo, Mondli. (2018), “The new struggles of precarious workers in South Africa: nascent organisational responses of community health workers”. Review of African Political Economy,45 (157).

Hlatshwayo, Mondli. (2019), “Workers’ education under conditions of precariousness: Re-imagining workers’ education”. The Economic and Labour Relations Review, 1-18.

Hunter, Qaanitah. (2014), “Numsa expelled from Cosatu”. The Mail and Guardian, 8, Nov. Available at https://mg.co.za/article/2014-11-08-numsa-expelled-from-cosatu/, accessed 29 Jan. 2020.

Jacobs, Keith. (2019), “The growing retail sector in Africa and the role of African retail trade unions”. Amandla! 67/68: 30-31.

Kantor, Brian. (2018), “Ten years after the crash: What has South Africa learnt?”. Investec, October 28. Available at https://www.investec.com/en_za/focus/investing/10-years-on-the-global-financial-crisis.html, accessed 14 February 2020.

Kenny, Bridget. (2007), “Claiming workplace citizenship: ‘Worker’ legacies, collective identities and divided loyalties of South African contingent retail workers”. Qualitative Sociology, 30 (4): 481-500.

Kenny, Bridget. (2011), “Reconstructing the political? Mall committees and South African precarious retail workers”. Labour, Capital and Society, 44 (1): 44-69.

Kenny, Bridget. (2018), Retail worker politics, race and consumption in South Africa: Shelved in the service economy. Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan.

Kenny, Bridget. (2019), “The sprawl of malls: Financialisation, service work and inequality in Johannesburg’s urban geography”. Transformation, 101: 36-60.

Kenny, Bridget & Bezuidenhout, Andries. (1999). “Contracting, complexity and control: An overview of the changing nature of subcontracting in the South African mining industry”. Journal of the South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, 99 (4): 185-191.

Kenny, Bridget & Webster, Edward. (1998), “Eroding the core: Flexibility and the re-segmentation of the South African labour market”. Critical Sociology, 24 (3): 216-243.

Kodisang, E. (2012), “Community health workers organise themselves.” Karibu! Available at http://karibu.org.za/Karibu/?p=513.

Levenson, Zachery. (2017), “Precarious welfare states: Urban struggles over housing delivery in post-apartheid Cape Town”. International Sociology, 32 (4): 474-492.

Mabasa, Khwezi. (2017), An empty pot at the end of the rainbow? Trade Unions and twenty years of democracy. Johannesburg, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.

Marais, Hein. (1998), South Africa: Limits to change? Cape Town, University of Cape Town Press.

Marais, Hein. (2020), “The crisis of waged work and the option of a universal basic income grant for South Africa”. Globalizations, 17: 352-379.

Maserumule, Motlake Bethuel. (forthcoming), “Chinese Steel in South Africa: Labour struggles, transnational solidarity and the contradictions of Inter-State co-operation”. ma Research Report. Global Labour University, Department of Sociology, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg.

Masondo, Themba. (2012), “The sociology of upward social mobility among cosatu shop stewards”. In: Buhlungu, S. & Tshoaedi, M. (eds.). cosatu’s contested legacy: South African trade unions in the second decade of democracy. Pretoria, hsrc, pp. 110-131.

Mosoetsa, Sarah. (2011), Eating from one pot: The dynamics of survival in poor South African households. Johannesburg, Wits University Press.

Moussouris, Mandy. (2017), “saftu: The tragedy and (hopefully not) the farce”, June 15. Available at https://www.pambazuka.org/human-security/saftu-tragedy-and-hopefully-not-farce, accessed 15 January 2020.

Naidoo, Prishani & Veriava, Ahmed. (2005), “Re-membering movements: Trade unions and new social movements in neoliberal South Africa”. In: From Local Processes to Global Forces. Centre for Civil Society Research Reports, vol. 1, pp. 27-62. Durban, University of Kwa-Zulu Natal.

Nkosi, Mbuso. (2018), Doing research otherwise: Critical essays on ‘the land question’, farmworkers and resistance in South Africa. Johannesburg, PhD thesis. Development Studies, University of the Witwatersrand.

numsa. (2014), “numsa Press Statement on Expulsion from cosatu”, 9 Nov. Available at https://www.numsa.org.za/article/numsa-press-statement-expulsion-cosatu/, accessed 29 Jan 2020.

Padayachee, Vishnu. (2012), “Global economic recession: effects and implications for South Africa at a time of political challenges”. Claves de la Economia Mundial. Durban, University of KwaZulu-Natal. Available at http://www2.lse.ac.uk/internationalDevelopment/20thAnniversaryConference/ImpactoftheGlobalFC.pdf, accessed 10 Feb. 2020.

Paret, Marcel. (2018), “The community strike: From precarity to militant organizing”. International Journal of Comparative Sociology. Available at https://doi.org/10.1177/0020715218810769.

Pillay, Devan. (2017), “Trade union revitalisation in South Africa: Green shoots or false dawns?” Global Labour University Working Paper, n. 51. Geneva, International Labour Organization (ilo).

Rees, Rob. (2018), “Assessing the processes and outcomes of trade unions and non-standard workers using their lra Section 198 rights” (Unpublished naledi working paper, version 11).

Runciman, Carin. (2019), “The ‘double-edged sword’ of institutional power: cosatu, neo-liberalisation and the right to strike”. Global Labour Journal, 10 (2): 142-158.

Satgar, Vishwas & Southall, Roger (eds.). (2015), Cosatu in crisis: The fragmentation of an african trade union federation. Sandton, The Forum for Public Dialogue.

Scully, Ben. (2016), “From the shop floor to the kitchen table: The shifting centre of precarious workers’ politics in South Africa”. Review of African Political Economy, 43 (148): 295-311.

Segatti, Aurelia & Pons-Vignon, Nicolas. (2013), “Stuck in stabilisation? South Africa’s post-apartheid macro-economic policy between ideological conversion and technocratic capture”. Review of African Political Economy, 40 (138): 537-555.

Seidman, Gay W. (1994), Manufacturing militance: Workers’ movements in Brazil and South Africa, 1970-1985. Berkeley, University of California Press.

Sinwell, Luke. (2015), “‘amcu by day, workers’ committee by night’: Insurgent Trade Unionism at Anglo Platinum (Amplats) mine, 2012-2014”. Review of African Political Economy, 42 (146): 591-605.

Sinwell, L. (2016), The spirit of Marikana: The rise of insurgent trade unionism in South Africa. London, Pluto Press.

Statssa. (2019), “Quarterly labour force survey, quarter 2, 2019. Statistical release P0211”. Pretoria, Republic of South Africa.

Theron, Jan. (2005), “Employment is not what it used to be: The nature and impact of restructuring of work in South Africa”. In: Webster, Eddie & Von Hold, Karl (eds.). Beyond the apartheid workplace: Studies in transition. Scottsville, University of KwaZulu-Natal Press, pp. 293-316.

Van der Walt, Lucien. (2019), “Rebuilding the workers’ movement for counter-power, justice and self-management: a contribution to the debate”. Amandla! 63: 24-25.

Von Holdt, Karl. (2019), “The political economy of corruption: elite-formation, factions and violence.” Swop Working Paper 10. Johannesburg, Swop Institute.

Von Holdt, Karl & Naidoo, Prishani. (2019), “Mapping movement landscapes in South Africa”. Globalizations, 16 (2): 170-185.

Webster, Eddie & Von Holdt, Karl (eds.). (2005), Beyond the apartheid workplace. Scottsville, University of Kwazulu-Natal Press.

Webster, Edward & Frances, David. (2019), “The paradox of inequality in South Africa: a challenge from the workplace”. Transformation, 101: 11-35.

Webster, Edward & Englert, Thomas. (2020). “New dawn or end of labour? From South Africa’s East Rand to Ekurhuleni”. Globalizations, 17.

Wilderman, Jesse. (2014), “Farm worker uprising in the Western Cape: A case study of protest, organising, and collective action”. MA Research Report, Johannesburg, Global Labour University, Department of Sociology, University of the Witwatersrand.

Xulu, Nomkhosi. (2012), “cosatu and internal migrant workers: old fault lines, new dilemmas”. In: Buhlungu, S. & Tshoaedi, M. (eds.). cosatu’s contested legacy: South African trade unions in the second decade of democracy. Pretoria, HSRC, pp. 212-227.

Publicado
2020-04-15
Como Citar
Kenny, B. (2020). O movimento sindical sul-africano. Tempo Social, 32(1), 119-136. https://doi.org/10.11606/0103-2070.ts.2020.166288
Seção
Dossiê - Sindicalismo e neoliberalismo