Espiritualidade baseada em evidências

Autores

  • Marcelo Saad Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP
  • Danilo Masiero Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP
  • Linamara Rizzo Battistella Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5275-0733

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5935/0104-7795.20010003

Palavras-chave:

Religião e Ciência, Espiritualismo, Saúde, Reabilitação

Resumo

Espiritualidade pode ser definida como um sistema de crenças que enfoca elementos intangíveis, que transmite vitalidade e significado a eventos da vida. Tal crença pode mobilizar energias e iniciativas extremamente positivas, com potencial ilimitado para melhorar a qualidade de vida da pessoa. As implicações da espiritualidade na saúde vêm sendo estudadas cientificamente e documentadas em centenas de artigos. Há relação entre envolvimento espiritualista e vários aspectos da saúde mental, sendo que pessoas vivenciam melhor saúde mental e se adaptam com mais sucesso ao estresse se são religiosas. Pessoas religiosas são fisicamente mais saudáveis, têm estilos de vida mais salutares e requerem menos assistência de saúde. Existe uma associação entre espiritualidade e saúde que provavelmente é válida, e possivelmente causal. É plenamente reconhecido que a saúde de indivíduos é determinada pela interação de fatores físicos, mentais, sociais e espirituais. Os profissionais da saúde já contam com indicações científicas do benefício da exploração da espiritualidade na programação terapêutica de virtualmente qualquer doença. O presente artigo cita os trabalhos mais relevantes sobre o assunto.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

Anderson JM, Anderson LJ, Felsenthal G. Pastoral needs for support within an inpatient rehabilitation unit. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 1993;74:574-8.

Azhar MZ, Varma SL. Religious psychotherapy as management of bereavement. Acta Psychiatr Scand 1995;91(4):233-5.

Baldree KS, Murphy SP, Powers M. Stress identification and coping patterns in patients on hemodialysis. Nurs Res 1982;31:109-11.

Barnard D, Dayringer R, Cassel CK. Toward a personcentered medicine: religious studies in the medical curriculum. Acad Med 1995;70(9):806-13.

Basmajian JV. The third therapeutic revolution: behavioral medicine. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 1999;24(2):107-16.

Bush EG, Rye MS, Brant CR, Emery E, Pargament KI, Riessinger CA. Religious coping with chronic pain. Appl Psychophysiol Biofeedback 1999;24(4):249-60.

Carroll S. Spirituality and purpose in life in alcoholism recovery. J Stud Alcohol 1993;54(3):297-301.

Davis MC. The rehabilitation nurse's role in spiritual care. Rehabil Nurs 1994;19(5):298-301.

Ehman JW, Ott BB, Short TH, Ciampa RC, Hansen-Flaschen J. Do patients want physicians to inquire about their spiritual or religious beliefs if they become gravely ill? Arch Intern Med 1999;159(15):1803-6.

Ellerhorst-RyanI. Selecting an instrument to measure spiritual distress. Oncol Nurs Forum 1985;12:93-9.

Gibbs HW, Achterberg-Lawlis J. Spiritual values and death anxiety: implications for counseling with terminal cancer patients. J Counseling Psychol 1978;25:563-9.

Gunderson GR. Backing onto sacred ground. Public Health Rep 2000;115(2-3):257-61.

Harmon RL, Myers MA. Prayer and meditation as medical therapies. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am 1999;10(3):651-62.

Hatch RL, Burg MA, Naberhaus DS, Hellmich LK. The Spiritual Involvement and Beliefs Scale. Development and testing of a new instrument. J Fam Pract 1998;46:476-86.

Hearth KA. The relationship between level of hope and level of coping response and other variables in patients with cancer. Oncol Nurs Forum 1989;16:67-72.

Helm HM, Hays JC, Flint EP, Koenig HG, Blazer DG. Does private religious activity prolong survival? A six-year followup study of 3,851 older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2000;55(7):M400-5.

Holland JC, Passik S, Kash KM, Russat SM, Groner ME, Sison A, et al. The role of religious and spiritual beliefs in coping with malignant melanoma. Psycho-Oncol 1999;8:14-26.

Hood R, Morris R. Toward a theory of death transcendence. J Sci Study Religion 1983;22(4):353-65.

Idler EL, Kasl SV. Religion among disabled and nondisabled persons II: attendance at religious services as a predictor of the course of disability. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci 1997;52(6):S306-16.

John SC, Spilka B. Coping with breast cancer: the roles of clergy and faith. J Religion Health 1991;30:21-33.

Kaezorowski JM. Spiritual well-being aud anxiety in adults diagnosed with cancer. Hosp J 1989;5:105-16.

King DE, Bushwick B. Beliefs and attitudes of hospital inpatients about faith healing and prayer. J Fam Pract 1994;39:349-52.

Koenig HG. MSJAMA: religion, spirituality, and medicine: application to clinical practice. JAMA. 2000;284(13):1708

Koenig HG, Cohen HJ, Blazer DG, et al. Religious coping and depression among elderly, hospitalized medically ill men. Am J Psychiatry 1992;149(12):1693-700.

Koenig HG, Cohen HJ, Blazer DG, Kudler HS, Krishnan KR, Sibert TE. Religious coping and cognitive symptoms of depression in elderly medical patients. Psychosomatics 1995;36(4):369-75.

Koenig HG, Larson DB. Use of hospital services, religious attendance, and religious affiliation. South Med J 1998;91(10):925-32.

Koenig HG, Hays JC, Larson DB, George LK, Cohen HJ, McCullough ME, et al. Does religious attendance prolong survival? A six-year follow-up study of 3,968 older adults. J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 1999;54(7):M370-6.

Krause N, Van Tran T. Stress and religious involvement among older blacks. J Gerontol 1989;44(1):S4-13.

Levin JS. Religion and health: is there an association, is it valid, and is it causal? Soc Sci Med 1994;38(11):1475-82.

Lo B, Quill T, Tulsky J. Discussing palliative care with patients. Ann Intern Med 1999;130:744-9.

Mackey KM, Sparling JW. Experiences of older women with cancer receiving hospice care: significance for physical therapy. Phys Ther 2000;80(5):459-68.

Margolis R, Kilpatrick A, Mooney B. A retrospective look at long-term adolescent recovery: clinicians talk to researchers. J Psychoactive Drugs 2000;32(1):117-25.

Maugans TA. The SPIRITual history. Arch Fam Med 1996;5(1):11-6.

McBride JL, Arthur G, Brooks R, Pilkington L. The relationship between a patient's spirituality and health experiences. Fam Med 1998;30(2):122-6.

McColl MA, Bickenbach J, Johnston J, Nishihama S, Schumaker M, Smith K, et al. Changes in spiritual beliefs after traumatic disability. Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2000;81(6):817-23.

Miller JF. Assessment of loneliness and spiritual well-being in chronically ill and healthy adults. J Prof Nurs 1985;1:79-85.

Moerman DE, Jonas WB. Toward a research agenda on placebo. Adv Mind Body Med 2000;16(1):33-46.

O'Brien ME. Religious faith and adjustment to long-term hemodialysis. J Religion Health 1982;21:68-80.

O'Conner AP, Whicker CA, Germino BB. Understanding the cancer patient's search for meaning. Cancer Nursing 1990;13:167-75.

Oxman TE, Freeman DH Jr, Manheimer ED. Lack of social participation or religious strength and comfort as risk factors for death after cardiac surgery in the elderly. Psychosom Med 1995;57(1):5-15.

Paloutzian RF, Ellison CW. Loneliness: spiritual well-being and quality of life. In: Piplair A, Periman D, editores. Loneliness: sourcebook of current theory. New York: Wiley Interscience; 1982.

Post SG, Puchalski CM, Larson DB. Physicians and patient spirituality: professional boundaries, competency, and rthics. Ann Intern Med 2000;132:578-83.

Puchalski CM, Larson DB. Developing curricula in spirituality and medicine. Acad Med 1998;73:970-4.

Razali SM. Conversion disorder: a case report of treatment with the Main Puteri, a Malay shamanastic healing ceremony. Eur Psychiatry 1999;14(8):470-2.

Reed PG. Spirituality and well-being in terminally ill hospitalized adults. Res Nurs Health 1987;10:335-44.

Reed P. Spirituality and mental health in older adults: extant knowledge for nursing. Fam Community Health 1991;14(2):14-25.

Roberts JA, Brown D, Elkins T, Larson DB. Factors influencing the views of patients with gynecologic cancer about endof-life decisions. Am J Obstet Gynecol 1997;176:166-72.

Rogers-Dulan J. Religious connectedness among urban African American families who have a child with disabilities. Ment Retard 1998;36(2):91-103.

Simmons Z, Bremer BA, Robbins RA, Walsh SM, Fischer S. Quality of life in ALS depends on factors other than strength and physical function. Neurology 2000;55(3):388-92.

Strawbridge WJ, Cohen RD, Shema SJ, Kaplan GA. Frequent attendance at religious services and mortality over 28 years. Am J Public Health 1997;87(6):957-61.

Underwood-Gordon L, Peters DJ, Bijur P, Fuhrer M. Roles of religiousness and spirituality in medical rehabilitation and the lives of persons with disabilities. A commentary. Am J Phys Med Rehabil 1997;76(3):255-7.

VandeCreek L, Nye C. Testing the death transcendence scale. J Sci Study Religion 1993;32(3):279-83.

VandeCreek L et al. Where there's life, there's hope, and where there is hope, there is. J Religion Health 1994;33(1):51-9. Doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02354499

Warner SC, Williams JI. The Meaning In Life Scale: determining the reliability and validity of a measure. J Chron Dis 1987;40(6):503-12.

Williams DR, Larson DB, Buckler RE, Heckmann RC, Pyle CM. Religion and psychological distress in a community sample. Soc Sci Med 1991;32(11):1257-62.

Downloads

Publicado

2001-12-09

Edição

Seção

Artigo Original
MÉTRICAS | METRICS