Importância do treinamento da propriocepção e do controle motor na reabilitação após lesões músculo-esqueléticas

Autores

  • Gustavo Leporace Instituto Brasil de Tecnologias da Saúde - IBTS
  • Leonardo Metsavaht Instituto Brasil de Tecnologias da Saúde - IBTS
  • Maria Matilde de Mello Sposito Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v16i3a103214

Palavras-chave:

Propriocepção, Atividade Motora, Sistema Musculosquelético/ lesões, Reabilitação

Resumo

A propriocepção e o controle muscular possuem um papel fundamental na estabilidade articular dinâmica. Após lesões ortopédicas algumas características sensório-motoras são alteradas e devem ser focadas em programas de reabilitação, para que haja sucesso no retorno às atividades realizadas previamente a lesão. Desta forma, devem ser realizados exercícios proprioceptivos específicos desde início do período pós operatório ou após a fase aguda de lesões tratadas conservadoramente, com o objetivo de melhorar a acuidade proprioceptiva e a resposta muscular antecipatória e reativa, restabelecendo a estabilidade articular dinâmica. Neste artigo abordaremos o conceito original de propriocepção, a contribuição para a manutenção da estabilidade articular dinâmica, a influência da lesão na acuidade proprioceptiva e o treinamento da propriocepção e do controle neuromuscular.

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Publicado

2009-09-09

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