Exercícios resistidos na osteoartrite

uma revisão

Autores

  • Natália Cristina de Oliveira Vargas e Silva Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo
  • Fabio Marcon Alfieri Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5935/0104-7795.20140028

Palavras-chave:

Osteoartrite, Exercício, Reabilitação

Resumo

A osteoartrite é a doença articular mais comum em nível mundial, e no Brasil estima-se que ela afeta de 6 a 12% dos adultos e mais de um terço dos idosos. Há evidências de que o exercício, especialmente o resistido, pode reduzir a progressão da doença. Objetivo: Revisar na literatura os trabalhos sobre exercícios resistidos como forma de tratamento da osteoartrite. Método: Foram revisados artigos indexados na base de dados PubMed, com aplicação do filtro “therapy narrow” da interface “clinical queries”. Vinte artigos foram selecionados para revisão na íntegra. Várias modalidades de intervenção com exercício resistido, de diferentes intensidades, duração e velocidades de execução foram estudadas por outros autores. Resultados: Todas as formas de exercício resistido parecem ser seguras e eficazes para promover melhorias funcionais e redução da dor em pacientes com osteoartrite. Exercícios em baixa intensidade ou em isometria também podem promover benefícios aos pacientes. Conclusão: A adesão aos programas é próxima de 50% e a utilização combinada de suplementos ou medicamentos com o exercício ainda foi pouco estudada até o momento nesta população.

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Biografia do Autor

Natália Cristina de Oliveira Vargas e Silva, Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo

Docente, Curso de Educação Física e Mestrado em Promoção da Saúde - Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo - UNASP.

Fabio Marcon Alfieri, Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo

Docente, Curso de Fisioterapia e Mestrado em Promoção da Saúde - Centro Universitário Adventista de São Paulo - UNASP.

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Publicado

2014-09-09

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Artigo de Revisão
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