Tratamento fisioterapêutico da fasciíte plantar

Autores

  • José Carlos Baldocchi Pontin Universidade Federal de São Paulo
  • Thiago Ragusa Costa Universidade Federal de São Paulo
  • Therezinha Rosane Chamlian Universidade Federal de São Paulo

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5935/0104-7795.20140029

Palavras-chave:

Fasciíte Plantar, Modalidades de Fisioterapia, Reabilitação

Resumo

A fasciíte plantar ou síndrome da dor do calcanhar é uma causa frequente de dor no calcanhar e no pé em adultos que acomete cerca de 2 milhões de americanos por ano e estima-se que cerca de 10% da população mundial já apresentou ou irá apresentar queixa de dor no pé em algum momento da vida. Objetivo: Realizar uma revisão da literatura a fim de verificar a efetividade das modalidades de tratamento fisioterapêutico em pacientes com fasciíte plantar. Método: Foi realizada uma busca eletrônica nas bases de dados Cochrane Library, Medline (via Pubmed), PEDro, LILACS, sem restrições de data e idioma. Foram incluídos, no presente estudo, os artigos que abordaram o tratamento fisioterapêutico na fasciíte plantar e excluídos os artigos que tiveram como foco o tratamento cirúrgico. Resultados: No total, 23 estudos cumpriram os critérios de inclusão. As modalidades encontradas foram: Alongamento de tríceps sural, terapia manual, bandagens, órteses/palmilhas e eletroterapia. Conclusão: Há evidência moderada de que os exercícios para alongamento do tríceps sural proporcionam benefícios aos pacientes com fasciite plantar. A evidência da aplicação de bandagens ainda é fraca, porém alguns estudos relatarem melhora da dor e função a curto prazo. Há evidência de qualidade que suporte que o uso de palmilhas customizadas proporciona melhora da dor e função a curto prazo em pacientes com fasciíte plantar. A utilização de talas noturnas apresenta resultados controversos, apesar de alguns estudos terem apresentado bons resultados.

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Publicado

2014-09-09

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Artigo de Revisão
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