Prevalência de insuficiência cardíaca e associação com saúde autorreferida no Brasil

Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde - 2013

Autores

  • Ivan Daniel Bezerra Nogueira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN
  • Patrícia Angélica de Miranda Silva Nogueira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3763-2410
  • Aline Medeiros Cavalcanti da Fonseca Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN
  • Tácito Zaildo de Morais Santos Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9495-7078
  • Damião Ernane de Souza Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatistica – IBGE https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2662-5060
  • Gardênia Maria Holanda Ferreira Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte – UFRN https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2631-5564

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v26i2a164952

Palavras-chave:

Inquéritos Epidemiológicos, Prevalência, Nível de Saúde, Insuficiência Cardíaca, Doença Crônica, Sistema Único de Saúde, Brasil

Resumo

A insuficiência cardíaca (IC) é um desafio na saúde mundial. A saúde autorreferida (SAR) é preditora de morbimortalidade e é categorizada em saúde autorreferida boa (SAR B) e precária (SAR P). Objetivo: Estimar a prevalência da IC e associação com a SAR no Brasil. Métodos: Este estudo utilizou dados da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde (PNS) em 2013, com dados válidos para 59.655 adultos (≥ 18 anos). A prevalência de IC relacionou-se às características sociodemográficas, percepção do estado de saúde (SAR, percepções de saúde física e mental), diagnóstico de depressão e prática de exercício físico. Utilizou-se a regressão de Poisson com variância robusta. Resultados: O diagnóstico de IC foi referido por 1,1% dos entrevistados. Observou-se que ter o diagnóstico médico de IC aumenta em quatro vezes a chance de ter pior percepção de saúde (OR = 4,17; IC95% 3,65–4,76), contudo essa medida reduz para menos da metade, quando ajustado por faixa etária e percepção da saúde física (OR = 1,78; IC95% 1,52–2,08). Conclusão: A prevalência de IC representou 1,7 milhões de indivíduos com essa enfermidade na população brasileira. A estreita associação entre IC e SAR precária evidenciou aumento de 78% de chance do indivíduo que tenha IC relatar SAR precária.

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2019-06-30

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