Associação entre aspectos físicos-funcionais, comportamentais e de saúde com o medo de cair em idosos comunitários

Autores

  • Jaquelini Betta Canever Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina – UFSC
  • Ana Lúcia Danielewicz Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina – UFSC
  • Núbia Carelli Pereira de Avelar Departamento de Ciências da Saúde, Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina – UFSC

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v27i3a176447

Palavras-chave:

Acidentes por Quedas, Fatores de Risco, Envelhecimento

Resumo

O medo em cair é definido como uma preocupação exacerbada em cair na realização das atividades cotidianas. O conhecimento dos fatores associados ao medo de cair pode contribuir na elaboração de estratégias multidimensionais que visem reduzir futuras quedas nos idosos. Objetivo: Verificar a associação dos aspectos físicos-funcionais, comportamentais e de saúde com o medo de cair em idosos comunitários. Método: Tratou-se de um estudo transversal, com amostra aleatória probabilística, incluindo 308 idosos comunitários de ambos os sexos. A variável desfecho foi o medo em cair e as variáveis preditoras foram os aspectos comportamentais avaliados pelo autorrelato (histórico de quedas e autopercepção em saúde) e aspecto em saúde (sintomas depressivos). Já os aspectos físicos-funcionais incluíram a sarcopenia provável e a mobilidade. Resultados: Maiores chances de apresentar medo em cair foram observados em idosos que tiveram histórico de quedas (OR: 1,87; IC95%: 1,10; 3,19), autopercepção negativa de saúde (OR: 3,35; IC95%: 1,87; 6,00), sintomas depressivos (OR: 3,24; IC95%: 1,88; 5,57), sarcopenia (OR: 4,22; IC95%: 2,51; 7,09) e baixa mobilidade (OR: 4,19; IC95%: 2,19; 7,99) quando comparados aos que não tinham as mesmas condições. Conclusão: Histórico de quedas, autopercepção ruim de saúde, sintomas depressivos, sarcopenia e baixa mobilidade foram associados ao medo de cair em idosos comunitários.

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Publicado

2020-09-30

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METRICAS | METRICS