Análise da postura, mobilidade e força da coluna vertebral em indivíduos saudáveis com e sem discinese escapular

Autores

  • Ruthe de Góes Xavier do Nascimento Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN
  • Nícia Farias Braga Maciel Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN
  • Liziane Mafra Vale de Souza Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN
  • Thaís Brazão Siqueira de Lima Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN
  • Sandra Cristina de Andrade Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN
  • Catarina de Oliveira Sousa Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte - UFRN

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v28i1a182017

Palavras-chave:

Dor de Ombro, Escápula, Postura, Reabilitação

Resumo

A postura, mobilidade e força da coluna  podem  estar associadas com mudanças no movimento da escápula e dor no ombro. Objetivo: Analisar a postura da coluna vertebral, mobilidade e força em indivíduos saudáveis com e sem discinese escapular. Método: Estudo transversal com cinquenta e dois indivíduos em idade universitária foram divididos em dois grupos, de acordo com o teste de discinese escapular: um grupo sem discinese escapular (n= 19; idade= 22,95±2,86 anos; IMC= 22,97±3,12 kg/m²; 10 masculino) e outro com discinese escapular (n= 33; idade= 22,06±2,73 anos; IMC= 22,14±3,22 kg/m²; 10 masculino). A postura da cabeça e dos ombros foi analisada a partir de fotografias por um software de avaliação postural (PAS/SAPO). A cifose torácica e a amplitude de movimento da coluna cervical e torácica foram medidas por um inclinômetro digital, e a força dos músculos cervical e torác lombar por um dinamômetro portátil. A comparação intergrupo para todas as variáveis foi realizada utilizando-se a análise de variância (ANOVA unidirecional), considerando p≤0,05 como significativa. Resultados: Não foi encontrada diferença entre grupos postura (p= 0,18-0,99), mobilidade (p= 0,23-0,96) e força da coluna (p= 0,42-0,99). Conclusão: Postura, mobilidade e força da coluna vertebral não diferem entre indivíduos saudáveis com e sem discinese escapular. Os resultados sugerem que a discinese escapular pode estar relacionada a variações interpessoais. Estudos prospectivos futuros devem ser conduzidos afim de verificar  se essas variáveis podem modificar e influenciar o desenvolvimento da dor no ombro.

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2021-03-31

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