Métodos de treinamento aeróbicos e/ou resistidos para pessoas com amputação de membro inferior: uma revisão sistemática

Autores

  • David Braga de Lima Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Fernanda Matos Weber Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Thamara Caviquioni Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Guilherme Boese da Silva Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Patrícia Domingos dos Santos Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Franciele Cascaes da Silva Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC
  • Rudney da Silva Universidade do Estado de Santa Catarina - UDESC

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2317-0190.v28i3a188838

Palavras-chave:

Amputados, Extremidade Inferior, Reabilitação, Exercício Físico

Resumo

Indivíduos com amputação de membros inferiores apresentam complicações que podem provocar diminuição da força, mobilidade e equilíbrio, que afetam a capacidade de deambulação, a aptidão física e a funcionalidade. Assim, o treinamento adequado pode reduzir desequilíbrios e assimetrias, colaborando para a melhora a função e qualidade de vida desses indivíduos. Objetivo: Identificar quais os métodos de treinamento são mais utilizados nessa população. Método: Essa revisão seguiu as recomendações PRISMA. A avaliação metodológica dos estudos foi feita a partir da escala PEDro. Resultados: Sete estudos foram incluídos na revisão, quatro abordaram o treinamento resistido, dois o treinamento combinado e um o treinamento aeróbio. As intervenções de treinamento consistiram em exercícios de fortalecimento, alongamento, equilíbrio e coordenação, aptidão cardiorrespiratória e caminhada. Todos os treinamentos foram capazes de desempenhar melhoras, principalmente na mobilidade e equilíbrio. Conclusão: O treinamento resistido é o mais utilizado, entretanto, quanto mais dinâmico for o treinamento, melhor serão os resultados e melhor será a aderência. O treinamento deve conter exercícios de resistência para MMII, assim como componentes para a restauração de equilíbrio, mobilidade e aptidão cardiorrespiratória.

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Publicado

2021-09-30

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Artigo de Revisão
MÉTRICAS | METRICS