Fas-ligand and caspase-3 positivity in three cases of histiocytic sarcoma: a different etiopathogenic pathway?
Keywords:Histiocytic sarcoma, Diagnosis, Immunohistochemistry.
AbstractHistiocytic sarcoma (HS) is a rare malignant neoplasia of hematopoietic origin and unknown etiology. We studied three patients with histiocytic sarcoma reviewing the morphological and immunohistochemical aspects. We evaluated in particular, if apoptosis may be unbalanced in this disease. All cases have morphological and immunohistochemical features consistent with the diagnosis of histiocytic sarcoma. The markers CD163, CD68, vimentin, lysozyme, and S-100 were positive in all cases. Similarly, the three samples were positive for Fas-ligand and Caspase-3. It is well-known that neoplasms may induce increased levels of Fas-ligand with the blockade of the apoptosis process. In the context of HS, the increased Fas-ligand expression represents a new area for research. Indeed, it is linked to proinflammatory stimulus and, maybe with the association of an infection.
How to Cite
Copyright and publishing license
Authors retain copyright granting the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.
Autopsy and Case Reports accepted articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. Under this License, the authors agree to have the CC-BY-NC license applied to their work, which retains the author's ownership of the copyright for their article and permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original authors and source are properly cited. This facilitates freedom in re-use and also ensures that the journal's content can be mined without barriers for the needs of research.