Bullous systemic lupus erythematosus – a case report
Keywords:Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic, Blister, Dapsone, Diagnosis, Therapeutics
Skin involvement in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) occurs in more than 75% of patients with this condition. Vesicles and blisters in lupus erythematosus (LE) may be present in SLE secondary to interface vacuolar changes in the epidermis, in discoid LE also secondary to vacuolar epidermal changes, and in bullous LE secondary to antibodies anti-collagen VII deposits with neutrophilic aggregates. In addition, blisters can occur due to the association of SLE with other autoimmune blistering diseases (e.g. bullous pemphigoid). BSLE is a rare blistering disease that mainly occurs in females (30–40 years old), and less frequently in children and adolescents. The most common presentation is rapid and widespread development of tense vesicles and bullae over erythematous macules or plaques. Preferential sites are: superior trunk, proximal superior limbs, and face (lips) with symmetrical distribution. Mucosal involvement is common on perioral, pharyngeal, laryngeal, and genital areas. The involvement of sun-exposed areas is not mandatory. The lesions usually progress with no scarring, but hypo or hyperchromia may be present. We report an 18-year-old female patient with blistering lesions at admission, who was diagnosed with BSLE. She was initially treated with systemic prednisone and hydroxychloroquine. Her condition evolved with relapsing lesions, which required the introduction of Dapsone. The authors emphasize the relevance of recognizing BSLE—a rare presentation of SLE—which may evolve with marked clinical presentation.
How to Cite
Copyright and publishing license
Authors retain copyright granting the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License.
Autopsy and Case Reports accepted articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License. Under this License, the authors agree to have the CC-BY-NC license applied to their work, which retains the author's ownership of the copyright for their article and permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium provided the original authors and source are properly cited. This facilitates freedom in re-use and also ensures that the journal's content can be mined without barriers for the needs of research.