Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with calculus migration into the psoas abscess: an unusual complication

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4322/acr.2020.200

Keywords:

Pyelonephritis, Xanthogranulomatous, Urinary Tract Infections, Escherichia coli

Abstract

Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare variant of chronic pyelonephritis. It is characterized by progressive parenchymal destruction caused by chronic renal obstruction due to calculus, stricture, or rarely tumor, resulting in kidney function loss. Herein, we describe the case of a 36-year-old female who presented with left loin pain, left lower limb pain, and dysuria. On contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CECT), multiple abscesses and an obstructive staghorn calculus were depicted in the left kidney with the classical appearance of “Bear Paw Sign.” An abscess with calculi was also present within the left psoas muscle. Though psoas muscle abscess in association with XGP was described, a ureteric fistula and calculi within the psoas muscle have not yet been reported in the literature. Left nephrostomy was performed, which came out to be positive for E. coli on culture. The patient underwent left nephrectomy, and the histopathological report of the surgical specimen confirmed XGP.

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Published

2021-01-04

How to Cite

Singh, M. ., Ethiraj, D. ., Indiran, V. ., Kanase, N. D. ., & Maduraimuthu, P. . (2021). Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis with calculus migration into the psoas abscess: an unusual complication. Autopsy and Case Reports, 11, e2020200. https://doi.org/10.4322/acr.2020.200

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Section

Article / Clinical Case Report