Pulmonary nodules: a challenging diagnosis during the follow up of cancer patients

Authors

  • Rafael Caparica Bitton Department of Clinical Oncology - Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo/SP
  • Ricardo Emanuel Oliveira Ramos Department of Clinical Oncology - Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo/SP
  • Sheila Siqueira Department of Pathology - Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo/SP
  • Olavo Feher Department of Clinical Oncology - Instituto do Câncer do Estado de São Paulo, São Paulo/SP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.4322/acr.%25y.98455

Keywords:

Multiple Pulmonary Nodules, Neoplasms, Tuberculosis, Biopsy

Abstract

Pulmonary nodules (PN), frequently found on imaging studies, represent a diagnostic challenge during the follow up of cancer patients. However, published data regarding investigation of PNs incidentally found on chest imaging is scarce. The PN may be present at the time of cancer diagnosis, or arise during the treatment or follow-up periods. In the context of the oncologic patient these lesions are quite invariably considered as metastases, what impacts directly on patients treatment and prognosis. The present study reports 2 cases of pulmonary nodules found in two patients already diagnosed with cancer. Case 1 referred to a woman with squamous cell carcinoma and two pulmonary nodules, and in case 2 the patient was diagnosed with duodenal adenocarcinoma. Both patients were submitted to pulmonary biopsies before the oncologic treatment. In both cases the nodules were of infectious origin, what changed significantly the neoplasia staging and the oncologic treatment intention. The authors performed a literature review as well as a discussion about the management of PN in cancer patients.

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Published

2015-03-31

How to Cite

Bitton, R. C., Ramos, R. E. O., Siqueira, S., & Feher, O. (2015). Pulmonary nodules: a challenging diagnosis during the follow up of cancer patients. Autopsy and Case Reports, 5(1), 39-42. https://doi.org/10.4322/acr.%y.98455

Issue

Section

Article / Clinical Case Report