Brazilian sandy beaches: characteristics, ecosystem services, impacts, knowledge and priorities

  • Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Instituto Biologia; Departamento Biologia Animal (Zoologia)
  • Guilherme Nascimento Corte Universidade Estadual de Campinas; Instituto Biologia; Departamento Biologia Animal (Zoologia)
  • José Souto Rosa Filho Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Departamento de Oceanografia; Laboratório de Bentos
  • Marcia Regina Denadai Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Leonir André Colling FURG; Instituto de Oceanografia; Laboratório de Ecologia de Invertebrados Bentônicos
  • Carlos Borzone Universidade Federal do Paraná; Centro de Estudos do Mar
  • Valéria Veloso UNIRIO; CCBS; Instituto de Biociências
  • Elianne Pessoa Omena PETROBRAS; CENPES; Fapese
  • Ilana Rosental Zalmon Universidade Estadual do Norte Fluminense Darcy Ribeiro; Laboratório de Ciências Ambientais
  • Cristina de Almeida Rocha-Barreira Universidade Federal do Ceará; Instituto de Ciências do Mar
  • Jose Roberto Botelho de Souza Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Centro de Ciências Biológicas; Departamento de Zoologia
  • Leonardo Cruz da Rosa Universidade Federal de Sergipe; Centro de Ciências Agrárias Aplicadas; Departamento de Engenharia de Pesca e Aquicultura
  • Tito Cesar Marques de Almeida Universidade do Vale do Itajaí; Centro de Ciências da Terra e do Mar; Laboratório de Ecologia de Comunidades

Abstract

Sandy beaches constitute a key ecosystem and provide socioeconomic goods and services, thereby playing an important role in the maintenance of human populations and in biodiversity conservation. Despite the ecological and social importance of these ecosytems, Brazilian sandy beaches are significantly impacted by human interference, chemical and organic pollution and tourism, as well as global climate change. These factors drive the need to better understand the environmental change and its consequences for biota. To promote the implementation of integrated studies to detect the effects of regional and global environmental change on beaches and on other benthic habitats of the Brazilian coast, Brazilian marine researchers have established The Coastal Benthic Habitats Monitoring Network (ReBentos). In order to provide input for sample planning by ReBentos, we have conducted an intensive review of the studies conducted on Brazilian beaches and summarized the current knowledge about this environment. In this paper, we present the results of this review and describe the physical, biological and socioeconomics features of Brazilian beaches. We have used these results, our personal experience and worldwide literature to identify research projects that should be prioritized in the assessment of regional and global change on Brazilian sandy beaches. We trust that this paper will provide insights for future studies and represent a significant step towards the conservation of Brazilian beaches and their biodiversity.

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Published
2016-01-01
How to Cite
Amaral, A., Corte, G., Filho, J., Denadai, M., Colling, L., Borzone, C., Veloso, V., Omena, E., Zalmon, I., Rocha-Barreira, C., Souza, J., Rosa, L., & Almeida, T. (2016). Brazilian sandy beaches: characteristics, ecosystem services, impacts, knowledge and priorities . Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(spe2), 5-16. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-875920160933064sp2
Section
Review Article