Climate changes in mangrove forests and salt marshes

  • Yara Schaeffer-Novelli Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Eduardo Juan Soriano-Sierra Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina; Núcleo de Estudos do Mar
  • Claudia Câmara do Vale Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo; Departamento de Geografia
  • Elaine Bernini Universidade Federal da Paraíba; Centro de Ciências Aplicadas e Educação; Departamento de Engenharia e Meio Ambiente
  • André Scarlate Rovai Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
  • Marcelo Antonio Amaro Pinheiro Universidade Estadual Paulista; Instituto de Biociências
  • Anders Jensen Schmidt Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia; Instituto de Humanidades, Artes e Ciências Paulo Freire
  • Renato de Almeida Universidade Federal do Recôncavo da Bahia
  • Clemente Coelho Júnior Instituto BiomaBrasil
  • Ricardo Palamar Menghini Instituto BiomaBrasil
  • Diego Igawa Martinez Instituto BiomaBrasil
  • Guilherme Moraes de Oliveira Abuchahla Instituto BiomaBrasil
  • Marília Cunha-Lignon Universidade Estadual Paulista
  • Sarah Charlier-Sarubo Instituto BiomaBrasil
  • Jussara Shirazawa-Freitas Instituto BiomaBrasil
  • Gilberto Cintrón-Molero Instituto BiomaBrasil

Abstract

This synthesis is framed within the scope of the Brazilian Benthic Coastal Habitat Monitoring Network (ReBentos WG 4: Mangroves and Salt Marshes), focusing on papers that examine biodiversity-climate interactions as well as human-induced factors including those that decrease systemic resilience. The goal is to assess difficulties related to the detection of climate and early warning signals from monitoring data. We also explored ways to circumvent some of the obstacles identified. Exposure and sensitivity of mangrove and salt marsh species and ecosystems make them extremely vulnerable to environmental impacts and potential indicators of sea level and climate-driven environmental change. However, the interpretation of shifts in mangroves and salt marsh species and systemic attributes must be scrutinized considering local and setting-level energy signature changes; including disturbance regime and local stressors, since these vary widely on a regional scale. The potential for adaptation and survival in response to climate change depends, in addition to the inherent properties of species, on contextual processes at the local, landscape, and regional levels that support resilience. Regardless of stressor type, because of the convergence of social and ecological processes, coastal zones should be targeted for anticipatory action to reduce risks and to integrate these ecosystems into adaptation strategies. Management must be grounded on proactive mitigation and collaborative action based on long-term ecosystem-based studies and well-designed monitoring programs that can 1) provide real-time early warning and 2) close the gap between simple correlations that provide weak inferences and process-based approaches that can yield increasingly reliable attribution and improved levels of anticipation.

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Published
2016-01-01
How to Cite
Schaeffer-Novelli, Y., Soriano-Sierra, E., Vale, C., Bernini, E., Rovai, A., Pinheiro, M., Schmidt, A., Almeida, R., Coelho Júnior, C., Menghini, R., Martinez, D., Abuchahla, G., Cunha-Lignon, M., Charlier-Sarubo, S., Shirazawa-Freitas, J., & Cintrón-Molero, G. (2016). Climate changes in mangrove forests and salt marshes . Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(spe2), 37-52. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-875920160919064sp2
Section
Review Article