Benthic estuarine communities in Brazil: moving forward to long term studies to assess climate change impacts

  • Angelo Fraga Bernardino Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo; Departamento de Oceanografia e Ecologia
  • Paulo Roberto Pagliosa Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina; Laboratório de Biodiversidade e Conservação Marinha; Departamento de Geociências
  • Ronaldo Adriano Christofoletti Universidade Federal de São Paulo; Instituto do Mar
  • Francisco Barros Universidade Federal da Bahia; Instituto de Biologia; Laboratório de Ecologia Bentônica
  • Sergio A. Netto Universidade do Sul de Santa Catarina; Laboratório de Ciências Marinhas
  • Pablo Muniz Universidad de la República; Facultad de Ciencias; Oceanografía y Ecologia Marina, Instituto de Ecología y Ciencias Ambientales
  • Paulo da Cunha Lana Universidade Federal do Paraná; Centro de Estudos do Mar

Abstract

Estuaries are unique coastal ecosystems that sustain and provide essential ecological services for mankind. Estuarine ecosystems include a variety of habitats with their own sediment-fauna dynamics, all of them globally undergoing alteration or threatened by human activities. Mangrove forests, saltmarshes, tidal flats and other confined estuarine systems are under increasing stress due to human activities leading to habitat and species loss. Combined changes in estuarine hydromorphology and in climate pose severe threats to estuarine ecosystems on a global scale. The ReBentos network is the first integrated attempt in Brazil to monitor estuarine changes in the long term to detect and assess the effects of global warming. This paper is an initial effort of ReBentos to review current knowledge on benthic estuarine ecology in Brazil. We herein present and synthesize all published work on Brazilian estuaries that has focused on the description of benthic communities and related ecological processes. We then use current data on Brazilian estuaries and present recommendations for future studies to address climate change effects, suggesting trends for possible future research and stressing the need for long-term datasets and international partnerships.

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Published
2016-01-01
How to Cite
Bernardino, A., Pagliosa, P., Christofoletti, R., Barros, F., Netto, S., Muniz, P., & Lana, P. (2016). Benthic estuarine communities in Brazil: moving forward to long term studies to assess climate change impacts . Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(spe2), 81-96. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-875920160849064sp2
Section
Review Article