Influence of fluvial discharge on the dynamics of Chlorophyll-α in the continental shelf adjacent to the Recife Port Basin (Pernambuco-Brazil)

  • Amanda Yumi Otsuka Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Departamento de Oceanografia
  • Fernando Antônio do Nascimento Feitosa Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Departamento de Oceanografia
  • Manuel de Jesus Flores Montes Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Departamento de Oceanografia
  • Alex Costa da Silva Universidade Federal de Pernambuco; Departamento de Oceanografia
Keywords: Phytoplankton biomass, Spatial and temporal variability, Eutrophication, Environmental variables, Water quality

Abstract

This study was undertaken in the coastal zone of the state of Pernambuco adjacent to the Recife port area, which corresponds to the inner shelf. This research aimed to analyze the dynamics of chlorophyll-a and several other environmental variables. Sampling was undertaken bimonthly on the surface from September 11th to May 10th, thus including the rainy and dry periods, and during low tide in spring tide. The parameters analyzed were chlorophyll-a, salinity, temperature, transparency, dissolved oxygen, oxygen saturation rate, pH, suspended solids, dissolved inorganic nutrients. Phytoplankton biomass ranged from 13.48 to 145.09 mg m-3 in the estuarine area and on the inner shelf, the variation being from 0.24 to 19.29 mg m-3 in the dry season and from 0.78 to 5.20 mg m-3 in the rainy season. PCA showed a direct relationship of chlorophyll-a with ammonia, phosphate and transparency and an inverse relationship with suspended particulate matter and nitrate. Biomass did not vary significantly different as a result of seasonal or spatial dynamics. The estuary of the Capibaribe River is considered highly impacted, and as it forms the Recife port basin, it joins with two more strongly eutrophic water bodies, the Beberibe River and the Pina Basin, leading to an amplification of its influence on the adjacent shelf. In terms of the river plume's dispersion in the Port of Recife, the presence of a dike causes some disturbance in the direction of the current, limiting the plume to the area close to the coast and influences the oceanographic variables on the inner continental shelf.

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Published
2018-03-01
How to Cite
Otsuka, A., Feitosa, F., Montes, M., & Silva, A. (2018). Influence of fluvial discharge on the dynamics of Chlorophyll-α in the continental shelf adjacent to the Recife Port Basin (Pernambuco-Brazil). Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 66(1), 91-103. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-87592018149106601
Section
Original Article