Distribution of the species of Lucifer Thompson, 1829 in the subtropical South Atlantic between parallels 20º and 30ºs

  • André Marafon-Almeida BIOENV Meio Ambiente
  • Juliano Bicalho Pereira Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
  • Luiz Fernando Loureiro Fernandes Universidade Federal do Espírito Santo
Keywords: Density, Larva, Zooplankton, Decapods

Abstract

The distribution of the species of Lucifer Thompson, 1829 (Decapoda: Luciferidae) in the South Atlantic Subtropical Gyre was assessed by the Brazil Transatlantic Commission in November and December 2009. The samples were collected at 83 stations on two profiles between Brazil and Africa (20 º and 30 ºS). Oblique hauls were performed with a WP-2 net up to 150 meters deep. A distinct sexual relationship was noted between the two species found and L. faxoni presented a significantly higher number of females relative to males 1:0.5 (X2 = 21.77, p = 0.0001). The L. typus sex ratio had significantly more males than females 1.86:1 (X2=50.84, p = 0.0001). The distribution of L. typus occurred in both the western and the eastern portions of the Mid-Oceanic Ridge. This distribution was significantly related to salinity (R2 = 0:13; F = 3.79, p = 0.009), which was higher in the western portion of the study area. In addition, the recordings of the two species were extended to the Atlantic Subtropical Gyre. Overall, Luciferidae shrimp were more common and abundant at the stations west of the Mid-Oceanic Ridge and L. typus was the most frequent and abundant species.

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Published
2016-09-01
How to Cite
Marafon-Almeida, A., Pereira, J., & Fernandes, L. (2016). Distribution of the species of Lucifer Thompson, 1829 in the subtropical South Atlantic between parallels 20º and 30ºs. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(3), 217-226. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592016099006403
Section
Original Article