Fish assemblages in a coastal bay adjacent to a network of marine protected areas in southern Brazil
Keywords:Norte Bay, Ichthyofauna, Santa Catarina Island
AbstractBaía Norte (North Bay) in Santa Catarina State is considered a typical coastal bay and is surrounded by a network of Marine Protected Areas. The objectives of this study were to describe the composition of the demersal fish assemblage, identify seasonal and spatial structures on a fine scale and evaluate the role of habitat descriptors and abiotic variables affecting the fish assemblage structure. Seasonal samplings were conducted in 2005, using bottom trawls in six pre-established areas in Baía Norte in summer, fall, winter and spring. Simultaneously with each trawl, environmental data were collected with a multiparameter probe. Temporal and spatial differences in fish abundance were tested by a PERMANOVA. To illustratethe differences detected graphically we ran a canonical analysis of principal coordinates (CAP). The influence of environmental variables on the fish fauna was evaluated using a Distant Based Linear Model (DistLM) with Akaike's information criterion (AIC). A total of 9,888 specimens, distributed in 27 families and 62 species, were collected. Citharichthys spilopterus was the most abundant species. PERMANOVA detected differences for abundance between seasons, areas and interaction among all the factors. The DISTLM selected temperature and pH. The results highlight seasonality as an important factor in the structuring of fish fauna of the study place.
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Cattani, A. P., Jorge, F. G. D., Ribeiro, G. C., Wedekin, L. L., Lopes, P. C. de A. S., Rupil, G. M., & Spach, H. L. (2016). Fish assemblages in a coastal bay adjacent to a network of marine protected areas in southern Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(3), 295-308. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592016121306403