Differences in the distribution and abundance of Teredinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) along the coast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil

Authors

  • Gustavo Carvalho Maldonado Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; Laboratório de Ecologia e Dinâmica Bêntica Marinha; Departamento de Ciências
  • Luis Felipe Skinner Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro; Laboratório de Ecologia e Dinâmica Bêntica Marinha; Departamento de Ciências

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-87592016127806404

Keywords:

Shipworms, Coastal bays, Upwelling, Estuaries, Wood destruction

Abstract

Teredinidae are wood-boring mollusks found in marine and estuarine regions. Evaluation of the distribution and abundance of Teredinidae is a very important task, as the impact of the destruction of wood in man-made structures is still underestimated, mainly in tropical regions. It is also know that temperature and salinity are key factors affecting the abundance and activity of Teredinidae due to their effects on the physiological responses of Teredinidae. The aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution and abundance of Teredinidae along the Rio de Janeiro coast according to temperature range and pattern. Artificial pine collectors were used and remained immersed for three months in four regions at 14 sites. We recorded seven species of Teredinidae, identified according to their pallets. Ilha Grande Bay was the region with the highest density and species richness, and the region with the lowest was Guanabara Bay. One gradient of abundance related to temperature was found. The most abundant species were Lyrodus floridanus and Teredo furcifera. Besides temperature, wood availability among regions was another important factor. For the first time, we recorded the occurrence of Bankia destructa on the Rio de Janeiro coast, but this record does not indicate any species introduction or expanding distribution range.

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Published

2016-12-01

How to Cite

Maldonado, G. C., & Skinner, L. F. (2016). Differences in the distribution and abundance of Teredinidae (Mollusca: Bivalvia) along the coast of Rio de Janeiro state, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 64(4), 375-386. https://doi.org/10.1590/s1679-87592016127806404

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Section

Original Article