Chemical composition and release in situ due to injury of the invasive coral tubastraea (Cnidaria, Scleractinia)
Keywords:Injury, secondary metabolites, Tubastraea coccinea, Tubastraea tagusensis, submersible apparatus
AbstractDefensive chemistry may be used against consumers and competitors by invasive species as a strategy for colonization and perpetuation in a new area. There are relatively few studies of negative chemical interactions between scleratinian corals. This study characterizes the secondary metabolites in the invasive corals Tubastraea tagusensis and T. coccinea and relates these to an in situ experiment using a submersible apparatus with Sep-Paks® cartridges to trap substances released by T. tagusensis directly from the sea-water. Colonies of Tubastraea spp were collected in Ilha Grande Bay, RJ, extracted with methanol (MeOH), and the extracts washed with hexane, dichloromethane (DCM) and methanol, and analyzed by GC/MS. Methyl stearate and methyl palmitate were the major components of the hexane and hexane:MeOH fractions, while cholesterol was the most abundant in the DCM and DCM:MeOH fractions from Tubastraea spp. The organic material retained in Sep-Paks® cartridges was tentatively identified as hydrocarbons. There was a significant difference between treatments and controls for 1-hexadecene, n-hexadecane and n-eicosane contents. The production of defensive substances by the invasive corals may be a threat to the benthic communities of the region, which include endemic species.
Download data is not yet available.
How to Cite
Lages, B. G., Fleury, B. G., Rezende, C. M., Pinto, A. C., & Creed, J. C. (2010). Chemical composition and release in situ due to injury of the invasive coral tubastraea (Cnidaria, Scleractinia). Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 58(spe4), 47-56. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592010000800007