Acute and chronic toxicity of sediment samples from Guanabara Bay (RJ) during the rainy period
Keywords:bioassays, Tiburonella viscana, Lytechinus variegatus, sediment, Toxicity, Guanabara Bay
AbstractGuanabara Bay is a marine-estuarine environment of high ecological and socio-economic importance, subject to a variety of environmental impacts. Sediment is the eventual repository for most substances introduced into water bodies and may, therefore, provide an integrated measure of the environmental quality, which can be assessed by many different approaches. In this project, the quality of sediments from Guanabara Bay was evaluated by the ecotoxicological approach: whole-sediment toxicity tests, using Tiburonella viscana, and porewater, elutriate and sediment-water interface chronic toxicity tests, using embryos of Lytechinus variegatus, were applied. Sediments were collected at 14 sampling stations, distributed across the bay. Chronic tests showed significant toxicity in most of the sediment samples. Sediments from stations 1, 2, 3, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12 and 15 showed acute toxicity as well. The results of the different tests were well correlated, and their integration showed that the sediments analyzed were considered unsuitable for aquatic life, resulting in the environmental degradation of Guanabara Bay. In this context, the control of pollution sources and multi-purpose management are required to improve the environmental quality.
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How to Cite
Maranho, L. A., Abreu, I. M., Santelli, R. E., Cordeiro, R. C., Soares-Gomes, A., Moreira, L. B., Morais, R. D., & Abessa, D. M. de S. (2010). Acute and chronic toxicity of sediment samples from Guanabara Bay (RJ) during the rainy period . Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 58(spe3), 77-85. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592010000700010