A descriptive analysis of the seasonal variation of physical oceanographic characteristics in the northern region of the Todos os Santos Bay (Bahia, Brazil)

  • Luiz Bruner de Miranda Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Ilson Carlos Almeida da Silveira Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Felipe Pires Alvarenga Fernandes Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Leandro Ponsoni Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Thiago Podadera Costa Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
Keywords: Hydrographic properties, Currents, Tides, Spatial distribution, Temporal variations, Harmonic analysis

Abstract

The results obtained in the August and December 2003, August 2004 and January 2005 oceanographic campaigns in the northern region of the Todos os Santos Bay (lat. 12º44.5'S; long. 038º35.00'W) between the Madre de Deus and Maré islands are analyzed. Instruments of continuous and discrete samplings were used to measure hydrographic properties currents and tides. The water mass of the northern region of the bay is forced by semidiurnal and mesotides of form number 0.08 and the lunar component M2 height was estimated at 91cm. The time series of the surface currents indicated movements in the N/S direction, forced by the tide with maximum magnitudes of 0.73 m.s-1 on the December 2003 campaign. However, in August 2004 the currents were dominated by the wind stress forcing, with a maximum speed of 1.85 m.s-1 and SE direction. Near the bottom, the influence of the tide is not as evident, with a decrease in intensity due to internal and bottom friction, with a maximum velocity of 0.17 m.s-1. The thermal and haline structures were weakly horizontally, as well as vertically stratified, with extreme values varying in the intervals 23ºC (August, 2004) to 28ºC (December, 2003) and 31.0 psu (August, 2003) to 36.0 psu (December, 2003), respectively. Some conclusions may be drawn from these results: i) The signs of the dilution of the fresh water discharges of the Caípe, Mataripe and São Paulo rivers in the region under the influence of the RLAM were observed only during the winter periods, but in the summer the region was flooded by waters of oceanic origin and the salinities above 36.0 indicated TW mass intrusion; ii) The N-S circulation near the RLAM is strongly dominated by the tide, and the importance of the M2 component was unequivocal, however, the E-W component presented some tidal modulation away from abrupt bottom topographical changes, and iii) The residual series, calculated as the difference between the original and modeled, is about ¼ of the original and confirmed its semidiurnal character.

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Published
2011-03-01
How to Cite
Miranda, L., Silveira, I., Fernandes, F., Ponsoni, L., & Costa, T. (2011). A descriptive analysis of the seasonal variation of physical oceanographic characteristics in the northern region of the Todos os Santos Bay (Bahia, Brazil). Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 59(1), 9-26. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592011000100002
Section
naodefinida