Relationship between isotopic composition (Δ18O and Δ13C) and plaktonic foraminifera test size in core tops from the Brazilian Continental Margin

  • Paula Franco-Fraguas Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Karen Badaraco Costa Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
  • Felipe Antonio de Lima Toledo Universidade de São Paulo; Instituto Oceanográfico
Keywords: Planktonic foraminifera, Stable isotopes, Test size

Abstract

Stable oxygen (δ18O) and carbon (δ13C) isotopic signature registered in fossil planktonic foraminifera tests are widely used to reconstruct ancient oceanographic conditions. Test size is a major source of stable isotope variability in planktonic foraminifera found in sediment samples and thus can compromise paleoceanographic interpretations. Test size/stable isotope (δ18O and δ13C) relationships were evaluated in two planktonic foraminifer species (Globigerinoides ruber (white) and Globorotalia truncatulinoides (right)) in two core tops from the Brazilian Continental Margin. δ18 Omeasurements were used to predict the depth of calcification of each test size fraction. δ13C offsets for each test size fraction were then estimated. No systematic δ18O changes with size were observed in G. ruber (white) suggesting a similar calcification depth range (c.a. 100 m) during ontogeny. For G. truncatulinoides (right) δ18O values increased with size indicating ontogenetic migration along thermocline waters (250-400 m). δ13C measurements and δ13C offsets increased with size for both species reflecting well known physiological induced ontogenetic-related variability. In G. ruber (white) the largest test size fractions (300µm and >;355µm) more closely reflect δ13C DIC indicating they are best suited for paleoceanographic studies.

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Published
2011-12-01
How to Cite
Franco-Fraguas, P., Costa, K., & Toledo, F. (2011). Relationship between isotopic composition (Δ18O and Δ13C) and plaktonic foraminifera test size in core tops from the Brazilian Continental Margin. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 59(4), 327-338. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592011000400003
Section
naodefinida