Remote wind stress influence on mean sea level in a subtropical coastal region

  • Mabel Calim Costa Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas Espaciais
  • Marcos Eduardo Cordeiro Bernardes Universidade Federal de Itajubá; Instituto de Recursos Naturais
Keywords: Thompson filter, Spectral analysis, NCEP^i1^sN, Cananeia, Brazil


The purpose of this study was to assess the relative influence of remote wind stress on mean sea level (MSL) variations in the coastal region of Cananeia (Sao Paulo State, Southern Brazil) during the period from 1/1/1955 to 12/31/1993. An optimized low-pass Thompson filter for the study area, and spectral analysis (cross spectrum, coherence and phase lag) of the relationship between the MSL and both parallel (T//) and perpendicular (T|) wind stress components were applied. These were extracted from four grid points of the NCEP/NCAR global model. The predominance of annual oscillations as those of greatest coherence and energy, of periods of approximately 341 days (frequency of 0.00293 cpd) and 410 days (frequency of 0.00244 cpd), respectively, were observed. Offshore NCEP/NCAR grid points were those with the highest coherence and energy throughout the study in relation to the observed MSL. This may be linked to the restriction of the NCEP/NCAR model as regards the inland limit. It is also concluded that remote wind stress may play an important role in several MSL time scales, including the annual ones. Based on criteria such as coherence and energy peaks, the wind stress component of greatest effect on MSL was the parallel one.


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How to Cite
Costa, M., & Bernardes, M. (2012). Remote wind stress influence on mean sea level in a subtropical coastal region. Brazilian Journal of Oceanography, 60(3), 331-342.