The improvement of anti-HER2 scFv soluble expression in Escherichia coli
Keywords:Breast cancer, HER2, scFv, Expression, Solubility
The relationship between the expression of HER2 and malignity of breast tumors has led to the generation of antibodies targeting HER2+ tumors. In addition, the expression of scFvs, as the smallest antigen-binding region of antibody containing two disulfide bonds in Escherichia coli often results in accumulating non-functional protein in the cytoplasm. A redox-modified strain of E. coli such as Origami (DE3) may facilitate the formation of proper disulfide bond in cytoplasm. The present study aimed to optimize the expression of anti-HER2 scFv in Origami and evaluate the influence of induction temperature, and host strain on the solubility of the protein. To this aim, chemically synthesized anti-HER2 scFv of Trastuzumab was cloned in pET-22b (+). The results demonstrated that anti-HER2 scFv is expressed in Origami, purified by using Ni-NTA column, and detected by anti-His antibody in Western blot analysis. The highest anti-HER2 scFv expression in Origami was achieved 24 h after IPTG induction (1 mM) at 37 °C. Further, the total anti-HER2 scFv expression level was higher in BL21, compared to Origami strain. However, the ratio of soluble/insoluble forms of anti-HER2 scFv increased in Origami strain. Furthermore, higher soluble expression was achieved when the culture of recombinant Origami was conducted at lower temperature (25 °C).
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