Antitumor efficacy of EDTA co-treatment with cisplatin in tumor-bearing mice

Authors

  • Sabry Ali El-Naggar Tanta University, Faculty of Science, Department of Zoology
  • Karim Samy El-Said Tanta University, Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1511-6033

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/s2175-97902019000418536

Keywords:

Cisplatin, Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA)/Antitumor efficacy, Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma

Abstract

Ethylenediamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) is used in various medical applications. The aim of this study is to investigate the antitumor efficacy of EDTA alone or with cisplatin (Cis). Fifty male albino mice were used to assess the median lethal dose (LD50) of EDTA via intraperitoneal (i.p) injection. To determine the antitumor activity, fifty female albino mice were divided into five groups as the following; Group 1 (Gp1) was negative control; (Gp2-5) inoculated i.p with 2×106 Ehrlich Ascites Carcinoma (EAC) cells/mouse. After one day, Gp3, Gp4 and Gp5 injected with Cis (2 mg/kg), EDTA (25 mg/kg) and Cis (2 mg/kg)/EDTA (25 mg/kg) for six days, respectively. At day 14, all groups were sacrificed to assess the tumor profile, liver enzymes (alanine transaminases and aspartate transaminases), kidney function (urea and creatinine) and electrolytes (Na+ , K+ and Ca2+). The results showed that the i.p LD50 of EDTA was 250 mg/kg. Treatment with EDTA alone did not show any antitumor activity and did not interfere with the antitumor efficacy of Cis. Biochemical findings revealed that EDTA had mild toxicity on liver and kidneys functions. In summary, EDTA had no antitumor effect and did not alter the Cis efficacy.

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Published

2020-12-09

How to Cite

El-Naggar, S. A. ., & El-Said, K. S. . (2020). Antitumor efficacy of EDTA co-treatment with cisplatin in tumor-bearing mice. Brazilian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, 56, e18536. https://doi.org/10.1590/s2175-97902019000418536

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