Sensitivity evaluation of the computer-assisted sperm analysis (CASA) in the determination of frozen-thawed bull semen concentration
Keywords:Bull semen, CASA, Neubauer, Sperm concentration
AbstractSperm concentration is traditionally evaluated by counting cells in a hemocytometric Neubauer chamber, often a highly subjective, time-consuming, and laborious technique prevalent in andrology laboratories around the world. However, the Computer-Assisted Semen Analysis (CASA) represents a more consistent method of evaluating sperm concentration that may provide enhancing efficiencies of sperm count. The purpose of this study is to compare the results of these two methods in the analysis of post-thaw concentration of bovine semen. Four hundred and twenty five batches of semen from different bulls were selected, thawed at 37°C for 30 seconds and then homogenized. Aliquots of 40 μL of semen were diluted in 960 μL of distilled water, fixing the rate at 1:25 dilution for analysis in a Neubauer chamber. Conversely, aliquots of 5 μL for each semen dose were submitted to CASA, considered a minimum of five random fields and 2000 sperm count per analysis. The average concentration of sperm cells was 38.96a ± 1.28 in the Neubauer analysis and 35.14b ± 0.82 for the CASA, with the correlation coefficient of 0.87 (P < 0.0001) and reliability of 0.78 (scale ranging from 0 to 1) between the two methods. In conclusion, the results of two techniques for assessing sperm concentration have similar results. However the CASA methodology would yield greater benefit due to precision, consistency, and reduced disposal issues, particularly for large processing laboratories.
How to Cite
The journal content is authorized under the Creative Commons BY-NC-SA license (summary of the license: https://