Catarrhal mastitis by Staphylococcus simulans in a nulliparous goat

Authors

  • Guilherme Santana de Moura Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária
  • Michele Flávia Sousa Marques Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária; Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Departamento de Ciência Animal
  • Fernando Nogueira de Souza Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Médica
  • Luciana Bignardi Brisola Casimiro da Costa The Ohio State University, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Veterinary Preventive Medicine
  • Atzel Candido Acosta Abad Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária
  • Rinaldo Aparecido Mota Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2018.140288

Keywords:

Intramammary infection, Coagulase-negative staphylococci, Small ruminants

Abstract

The present paper is a case report of a one-year old nulliparous Alpine Goat belonging to a dairy goat farm in semi-arid region of Brazil. Both glands were naturally infected by α-hemolytic Staphylococcus simulans and evolved similar clinical signs. The mammary glands presented an acute catarrhal mastitis with systemic clinical signs that responded positively to treatment with gentamicin associated with amoxicillin. The present report suggests the importance of the pathogenic potential of non-aureus Staphylococci strains (NAS) as a cause of clinical mastitis also in nulliparous animals. The isolate showed resistance to tetracycline and contained staphylococcal toxin production genes (sec, sec and TSST-1). Moreover, it has been reported that Staphylococcus simulans is an emerging pathogen in humans causing cutaneous and osteoarticular infections, mainly in those in close contact with farm animals. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a clinical mastitis in a nulliparous goat caused by Staphylococcus simulans.

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Published

2018-10-24

Issue

Section

CASE REPORT

How to Cite

1.
de Moura GS, Marques MFS, de Souza FN, da Costa LBBC, Acosta Abad AC, Mota RA. Catarrhal mastitis by Staphylococcus simulans in a nulliparous goat. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2018 Oct. 24 [cited 2024 Jul. 16];55(3):e140288. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/140288