Idiopathic urinary bladder rupture in two mares
Keywords:Adult mare, Cystorrhexis, Uroperitoneum, Laparotomy, Complication
Urinary bladder rupture is rarely reported in adult horses and is usually associated with parturition, history of trauma
or urethral obstruction. This paper reports two cases in mares free of these predisposing factors, diagnosed through
clinical manifestations, abdominal ultrasound and abdominocentesis, corrected by cystorrhaphy through laparotomy.
While recovery was satisfactory in one case, the other case had complications in celiorraphy such as development of
incisional hernia, small colon eventration and intestinal adherences, opting by the euthanasia of the animal. These reports
are important because of the rarity with which they occur in adult mares. The different prognoses may be related to the
severity of each case, according to the location and extension of the wound, which directly or indirectly influence the
technique and recovery of the animals.
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