Myofascial Pain Syndrome, myofascial trigger points and trigger points in Veterinary Medicine

a review




Myofascial Pain Syndrome, Trigger points, Horses, Dogs


Myofascial Pain Syndrome (MPS) a is a painful condition related to myofascial trigger points (TP) in skeletal muscle. The aim of this study was to perform a literature review on the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment of MPS in veterinary medicine. The research sites used for this purpose were: Scientific Electronic Library, PubMed and Medline. The inclusion criteria for the papers were: must be written in English; published between 1990 and 2018; include the following keywords: myofascial pain syndrome veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine, trigger points veterinary/dog/canine/cat/feline/horse/equine. Through the review, it was observed that veterinary clinical studies are scarce, and the articles found lack information such as MPS description, incidence and specific treatment techniques in dogs and horses, and no studies in cats were found.


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Bowen AG, Goff LM, McGowan CM. Investigation of myofascial trigger points in equine pectoral muscles and girth-aversion behavior. J Equine Vet Sci. 2017;48:154-160.e1.

Brockman T. A case study utilizing myofascial release, acupressure and trigger point therapy to treat bilateral “Stringhalt” in a 12 year old Akhal-Teke horse. J Bodyw Mov Ther. 2017;21(3):589-93.

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Gerwin RD, Dommerholt J, Shah JP. An expansion of Simons’ integrated hypothesis of trigger point formation. Curr Pain Headache Rep. 2004;8(6):468-75.

Hong CZ, Simons DG. Pathophysiologic and electrophysiologic mechanisms of myofascial trigger points. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. 1998;79(7):863-72. PMid:9685106.

Janssens LAA. Trigger points in 48 dogs with myofascial pain syndromes. Vet Surg. 1991;20(4):274-8. PMid:1949567.

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MacGregor J, Von Schweinitz DG. Needle electromyographic activity of myofascial trigger points and control sites in 9/9 Braz J Vet Res Anim Sci. 2020;57(2):e164351 equine cleidobrachialis muscle: an observational study. Acupunct Med. 2006;24(2):61-70. PMid:16783281.

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How to Cite

Sato, N. Y. S., Bastos, B. B. B., Pereira, M. A. A., Campos, K. D., Ambrósio, A. M., Formenton, M. R., & Fantoni, D. T. (2020). Myofascial Pain Syndrome, myofascial trigger points and trigger points in Veterinary Medicine: a review. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 57(2), e164351.




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