Canine leptospirosis in asymptomatic populations from the Southwest Region of São Paulo State, Brazil

Authors

  • Adriana Cortez Universidade Santo Amaro
  • Eduardo Alberto dos Reis Universidade Santo Amaro
  • Natália Gomes Universidade Santo Amaro
  • Antonio Francisco Souza-Filho Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4728-1228
  • Amane Paldês Gonçales Universidade Santo Amaro https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2249-0103
  • Celso Martins Pinto Universidade Santo Amaro
  • Valeria Castilho Onofrio Universidade Santo Amaro https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2734-7800
  • Gisele Oliveira Souza Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal
  • Israel Barbosa Guedes Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal
  • Daniel Magalhães Lima Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal
  • Tânia Regina Vieira de Carvalho Universidade Santo Amaro
  • Jonas Moraes-Filho Universidade Santo Amaro
  • Marcos Bryan Heinemann Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6444-9788

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.167893

Keywords:

Leptospira spp, Leptospirosis, Seroprevalence, Dog, Sentinel

Abstract

Leptospirosis is an infectious disease that can affect animals and humans. Distributed worldwide, the disease is more prevalent in tropical regions due to socioenvironmental characteristics. Dogs can serve as sentinels for environmental contamination due to their frequent contact with humans. This study investigated the frequency of occurrence of canine leptospirosis in asymptomatic populations from the Southwest Region of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. Thus, blood samples collected from 572 asymptomatic dogs from the cities of Apiaí, Cananeia, Itapeva, and Itu were tested with a microscopic agglutination test (MAT). A total of 40.5% of animals in Apiaí reacted to Leptospira spp., 42.6% in Itapeva, 7.1% in Cananeia, and 5.1% in Itu. The data from the present study demonstrate that at least one animal from the municipalities of Itapeva, Apiaí, and Cananeia had a titer equal to or higher than 800, indicating that Leptospira is circulating in these municipalities and that the teams working on castration campaigns need to be educated on the correct use of personal protective equipment, especially when mechanically emptying the bladder of these animals. This study also suggests that castration campaigns can strategically monitor zoonotic diseases and assist in establishing preventive strategies for human and animal health.

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Published

2020-12-04

How to Cite

Cortez, A., Reis, E. A. dos, Gomes, N., Souza-Filho, A. F., Gonçales, A. P., Pinto, C. M., Onofrio, V. C., Souza, G. O., Guedes, I. B., Lima, D. M., Carvalho, T. R. V. de, Moraes-Filho, J., & Heinemann, M. B. (2020). Canine leptospirosis in asymptomatic populations from the Southwest Region of São Paulo State, Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 57(4), e167893. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2020.167893

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