Treatment of fractures and other orthopedic problems in cats and dogs using versatile external fixator

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.182908

Keywords:

Clamps, Bone fractures, Linear fixators, Osteosynthesis, Fixator pins

Abstract

Many complicated bone fractures can be healed by different techniques including linear external fixation. New generation linear external fixators enhanced the scope of application for bone fractures by mechanical progress. Difficulties include implementing enough pins through fixation clamps to the comminuted fragments or clamp addition and fixing it properly to the rod with the correct pin insertion angle. Effective configurations may not always result. This study sought to reveal the clinical efficiency of modified clamps of a versatile external fixator (VEF) to fix different types of fractures and orthopedic problems according to the radiographic and clinical results. We used this fixator on 17 cats and 17 dogs of different ages and sizes, having different types of antebrachium, humerus, tibia, ulna fractures, and bone-muscle deformities. Clamps had different features to connect fixator pins. Many fixator configurations were created according to the fracture type and body weight of the animals. The most used ones were unilateral and bilateral configurations. The callus formation and visual gait analysis were observed after the operations, until the removal of the fixator. After fixator removal, the visual gait status of the limbs was excellent in 67% of the cases, good in 15%, fair in 12%, and poor in 6%. We found that rods and fixator pins were connected easily by semi-locked clamps. Also, the double pin holding clamps saved space on the fixation rod by the application of two pins through one clamp. We think that clamps of versatile external fixators can easily be constructed to limb fractures and save time during surgery. 

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References

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Published

2021-12-23

How to Cite

Öztürk, Y., & Özsoy, . S. . (2021). Treatment of fractures and other orthopedic problems in cats and dogs using versatile external fixator. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 58, e182908. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.182908

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