Evaluation of Mangalarga Marchador foal development in the first year of life

Authors

  • Ligia Amaral Cunha Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária
  • Ticiane d’El Rei Passos Sodré Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária
  • Evandro Pereira Neto Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária
  • Vinicius Ricardo Cuña de Souza Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9041-7579
  • Monica Miranda Hunka Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco
  • Hélio Cordeiro Manso Filho Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4632-1569
  • Clarisse Simões Coelho Universidade Federal da Bahia, Escola de Medicina Veterinária ; Universidade Lusófona de Humanidades e Tecnologias, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2506-3510

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2022.182913

Keywords:

Growth, Longissimus dorsi, Rump fat, Withers height, Fat mass

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine the development pattern of Mangalarga-Marchador foals by determination of muscle development and deposition of adipose tissue associated with the evaluation of blood-based biomarkers. Thus, 72 Mangalarga Marchador foals (ages ranged from 1-12 mo) were randomly selected and divided into 12 age groups (n=6 per group), evaluated monthly. The thickness of the Longissimus dorsi (LD) and rump fat (RF) were determined through an ultrasound performed on each foal’s left side. Such parameters were used to calculate the percentage of body fat (BF), fat mass (FM), and fat-free mass (FFM). Morphometric measurements were taken on the foal’s right side using a tape measure and a hypsometer. Blood samples were collected for determinations of total proteins, albumin, triglycerides, cholesterol, urea, creatinine, and glucose. Morphometric measurements,  the thickness of the LD and RF, weight, BF, FM, and FFM showed differences between age groups (P<0.001). Muscle development and fat deposition in subcutaneous tissue were greater between six and 12 months and average weight gain and FFM were proportionally greater between one and six months. We concluded that morphometric measurements increase steadily and linearly during the first 12 months of life, indicating that it is feasible to use the linear regression formula. Moreover, significant differences between age and biochemical biomarkers may be attributed to nutritional and digestive physiology adaptations during these periods.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Abreu JMG, Manso Filho HC, Manso HECCC. Composição corporal nos cavalos de trabalho. Cienc Anim Bras. 2009;10(4):1122-7.

Associação Brasileira dos Criadores de Cavalo Mangalarga Marchador - ABCCMM [Internet]. Belo Horizonte: ABCCMM, 2017 [cited 2019 Apr 6]. Available from: http://www.abccmm.org.br/araca.

Cabral GC, Almeida FQ, Quirino CR, Pinto L, Santos E, Corassa A. Avaliação morfométrica de equinos da raça Mangalarga Marchador: medidas lineares. Rev Bras Zootec. 2004;33(4):989-1000. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516- 35982004000400019.

D’Angelis FHF, Mota MDS, Freitas EVV, Ferraz GC, Abrahão AR, Lacerda-Neto JC, Queiroz-Neto A. Ultra-sonografia do musculo Longíssimus dorsi de equinos da raça puro sangue Árabe em treinamento de resistência associado a suplementação prolongada com creatina. Rev Bras Cienc Vet. 2004;12(1):142-6.

D’Angelis FHF, Mota MDS, Freitas EVV, Ferraz GC, Abrahão AR, Lacerda-Neto JC, Queiroz-Neto A. Aerobic training, but not creatine, modifies longissimus dorsi muscle composition. J Equine Vet Sci. 2007;27(3):118-22. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2007.01.008.

Durham AE. Clinical application of parenteral nutrition in the treatment of five ponies and one donkey with hyperlipaemia. Vet Rec. 2006;158(5):159-64. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/vr.158.5.159. PMid:16461623.

Fernandes WR, Domingues-Júnior M, Bohland E, Sant’ana VAC, Souza MCC. Determinação dos níveis plasmáticos de triglicerídeos e colesterol total em pôneis da raça Brasileira. Hora Vet. 2001;21(121):61-4.

Frape DL. Equine nutrition and feeding. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing; 2004. Chapter 8, Growth; p. 277-299. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/9780470751053.

Freeman D. Managing young horses for sound growth [Internet]. Oklahoma: Division of Agricultural Sciences and Natural Resources; 2005 [cited in 2019 July 6]. Avaiable from: http://pods.dasnr.okstate.edu/docushare/dsweb/Get/Document-2088/ANSI-3977web.pdf.

Gallio M, Azevedo MS, Brass KE, Corte FD, Lopes LFD. Prevalência de alterações ósseas no tarso de potros Crioulos de até vinte e seis meses de idade. Cienc Rural. 2014;44(8):1442- 7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-8478cr20131171.

Garcia FPS, Alfaya H, Lins LA, Haetinger C, Nogueira CEW. Determinação do crescimento e desenvolvimento de potros puro sangue inglês em Bagé- RS. Rev Port Ciênc Vet. 2011;110:43-6.

Gentry LR, Thompson DL Jr, Gentry GT Jr, Del Vecchio RP, Davis KA, Del Vecchio PM. The relationship between body condition score and ultrasonic fat measurements in mares of high versus low body condition. J Equine Vet Sci. 2004;24(5):198-203. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jevs.2004.04.009.

Gobesso AAO, Martins RADT, Gil PCN, Françoso R, Gonzaga IVF. Avaliação de escore corporal em equinos através da ultrassonografia. Braz J Res Animal Sci. 2014;51(2):136-41. http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.2318-3659.v51i2p136-141.

Howard DL, Benesi FJ, Gacek F, Coelho CS, Fernandes WR. Determinações plasmáticas de glicose, colesterol e triglicerídeos em potras sadias, da raça Brasileiro de Hipismo. Braz J Vet Res Anim Sci. 2007;44(6):454-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-456.bjvras.2007.26612.

Hunka MM, Manso HECCC, Bernardo RB, Silva ERR, Ferreira LMC, Manso HC Fo. Development and body composition of quarter horse foals during nursing. Open J Vet Med. 2014;4(11):276-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ojvm.2014.411033.

Manso HC Fo, Manso HECCC, Ferreira LMC, Santiago TA, Wanderley EK, Abreu JMG. Percentagem de gordura de cavalo criados em região tropical. Acta Sci Vet. 2009;37(3):239-43. http://dx.doi.org/10.22456/1679-9216.16336.

Melo SKM, Lira LB, Almeida TLAC, Rego EW, Manso HECCC, Manso Filho HC. Índices hematimétricos e bioquímica sanguínea no cavalo de cavalgada em condições tropicais. Cienc Anim Bras. 2013;14(2):208-15. http://dx.doi.org/10.5216/cab.v14i2.16484.

Moraes BSS, Amaral LA, Finger IS, Mazzini ARA, Pazinato FM, Curcio BR, Nogueira CEW. Curva de crescimento em potros da raça Crioula do nascimento aos 24 meses de Idade. Acta Sci Vet. 2017;45:1474.

Pinheiro RSB, Silva AG So, Yamamoto SM, Barbosa JC. Composição tecidual dos cortes da carcaça de ovinos jovens e adultos. Pesqui Agropecu Bras. 2007;42(4):565-71. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100-204X2007000400015.

Pinto LF, Almeida FQ, Quirino CR, Azevedo PC, Cabral GC, Corassa A. Análise multivariada das medidas morfométricas de potros da raça Mangalarga Marchador: análise de componentes principais. Rev Bras Zootec. 2005;34(2):589-99. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-35982005000200029.

Ringmark S, Revold T, Jansson A. Effects of training distance on feed intake, growth, body condition and muscle glycogen content in young Standardbred horses fed a forage-only diet. Animal. 2017;11(10):1718- 26. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S1751731117000593. PMid:28367770.

Scheven CCA. The Anatomy and function of the equine thoracolumbar longissimus dorsi muscle [thesis]. München: Universität München, Tierärztlichen Fakultät der Ludwig Maximilians; 2010. 163 p.

Westervelt RG, Stouffer JR, Hintz HF, Schryver HF. Estimating fatness in horses and ponies. J Anim Sci. 1976;43(4):781-5. http://dx.doi.org/10.2527/jas1976.434781x.

Downloads

Published

2022-04-08

Issue

Section

FULL ARTICLE

How to Cite

1.
Cunha LA, Sodré T d’El RP, Pereira Neto E, Souza VRC de, Hunka MM, Manso Filho HC, et al. Evaluation of Mangalarga Marchador foal development in the first year of life. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2022 Apr. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 24];59:e182913. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/182913