Ocular lesions in a domestic feline:

a closer look at the fungal pathogen Sporothrix brasiliensis

Authors

  • Gabriele Barros Mothé Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos
  • Nathália Faria Reis Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos
  • Carla Stefany Isla Melivilu Universidad de Las Américas, Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Agronomía
  • Aguinaldo Francisco Mendes Junior Universidade Santa Úrsula https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2780-9294
  • Cinthia Silva dos Santos Prefeitura Municipal de Niterói, Fundação Municipal de Saúde, Centro de Controle de Zoonoses
  • Ana Maria Dieckmann Universidade Federal Fluminense, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária
  • Ricardo Luiz Dantas Machado Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos
  • Elisabeth Martins da Silva da Rocha Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos
  • Andrea Regina de Souza Baptista Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0461-7521

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.183219

Keywords:

Conjunctivitis, Granuloma, Mycosis, Public health, Sporotrichosis, Zoonosis

Abstract

Sporotrichosis is a dermatozoonosis, caused by dimorphic pathogenic fungi of the genus Sporothrix. Although Sporothrix brasiliensis is the most frequent and pathogenic species identified from the Brazilian sporotrichosis hyperendemic, to the best of our knowledge this is the first report of its molecular diagnosis from a cat with ocular lesions. A 3-month old female, domestic feline presented an ocular manifestation with granuloma in the lower-left palpebral conjunctiva, in addition to mucocutaneous lesions in varied locations throughout the body. Samples were collected for subsequent cytopathology, fungal culture, serology, and molecular genotyping. Itraconazole was prescribed for the treatment of sporotrichosis and the animal was considered clinically cured at the end of 5 months of treatment and discharged. S. brasiliensis cat interactions can manifest with a multitude of clinical forms that resemble either infectious or noninfectious diseases. Both the need for meticulous cat physical evaluation by a veterinarian followed by accurate laboratory diagnosis are key Public Health measures in the Brazilian sporotrichosis hyperendemic area.

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Author Biography

Andrea Regina de Souza Baptista, Universidade Federal Fluminense, Instituto Biomédico, Centro de Investigação de Microrganismos

Andréa Regina Baptista Rossit corresponde ao nome anteriormente utilizado. Graduada em Ciencias Biológicas pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1992), Mestre em Ciências Biológicas pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (1995) e Doutora em Genética pela Universidade Estadual Paulista Júlio de Mesquita Filho (2001). Professora e orientadora junto aos Programas de Pós-graduação em Microbiologia e Parasitologia Aplicadas e Medicina Veterinária - Clínica e Reprodução Animal da Universidade Federal Fluminense.Tem experiência na área de Biologia Molecular, com ênfase em Genética Molecular e de Microorganismos, atuando principalmente nos seguintes temas: agentes microbianos e sua interação com o hospedeiro humano e animal, epidemiologia molecular de agentes infecciosos e parasitários e diagnóstico molecular.

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Published

2021-07-08

How to Cite

Mothé, G. B., Reis, N. F., Melivilu, C. S. I. ., Mendes Junior, A. F. ., Santos, C. S. dos, Dieckmann, A. M. ., Machado, R. L. D., Rocha, E. M. da S. da, & Baptista, A. R. de S. (2021). Ocular lesions in a domestic feline: : a closer look at the fungal pathogen Sporothrix brasiliensis. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 58, e183219. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.183219

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Section

CASE REPORT