Predictive risk model of livestock rabies occurrence in Peru

Authors

  • Ricardo Augusto Dias Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8241-7699
  • Francisco Miroslav Ulloa-Stanojlovic Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.183270

Keywords:

Desmodus rotundus, Peru, Predictive model, Rabies, Vampire bat

Abstract

Livestock rabies is endemic in Peru. Hence, its persistence and annual dissemination represent an important economic impact, especially for impoverished farming communities. The disease is mostly transmitted by the hematophagous bat Desmodus rotundus. The present study aimed to adapt an existing predictive model of the occurrence of livestock rabies to Peru, in which the risk of rabies transmission from bats to livestock was estimated using decision-tree models of receptivity and vulnerability. Official rabies surveillance data between 2010 and 2015 were used along with possible risk factors, such as livestock biomass, environmental changes, and geomorphological characteristics. Several scenarios were established to evaluate the prediction of the occurrence of livestock rabies cases by determining more than one cut-off point of the receptivity variables. During the study period, the precision of the model was estimated through the sensitivity (39.46%) and specificity (98.64%) by using confusion matrices. Targeting control efforts, especially in districts with a high estimated risk, could represent the prevention of a significant proportion of livestock rabies cases, which would optimize the human and economic resources of the Peruvian surveillance service. However, the quality of data produced by the surveillance should be improved not only to obtain higher model precision but also to allow the adequate planning of control actions.

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Published

2021-09-01

How to Cite

Dias, R. A., & Ulloa-Stanojlovic, F. M. . (2021). Predictive risk model of livestock rabies occurrence in Peru. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 58, e183270. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2021.183270

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