Canine gastrointestinal pythiosis

a case report in Brazilian Pantanal from a diagnostic approach

Authors

  • Daniel Moura de Aguiar Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Departamento de Doenças Infeciosas ; 2 Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Virologia e Rickettsioses http://orcid.org/0000-0001-8631-522X
  • Manoela Sifuentes Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Departamento de Doenças Infeciosas
  • Aline Magalhães Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária
  • Nathalia Pereira Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Virologia e Rickettsioses https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4045-9073
  • Caroline Pescador Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Patologia Veterinária https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2754-1478
  • Stéfano Cândido Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Microbiologia e Biologia Molecular https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2735-2121
  • Valéria Dutra Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Microbiologia e Biologia Molecular https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6630-2293
  • Luciano Nakazato Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Microbiologia e Biologia Molecular https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1244-0690
  • Uiara Barreto Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Serviço de Diagnóstico por Imagem
  • Mayara Burema Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Serviço de Diagnóstico por Imagem
  • Pedro Néspoli Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Serviço de Diagnóstico por Imagem https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9286-8891
  • Juliana Rodrigues Universidade Federal do Mato Grosso, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária, Hospital Veterinário, Laboratório de Patologia Clínica

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2022.186005

Keywords:

Diarrhea, Pythium insidiosum, Mammals, Granulomatous disease, Necropsy

Abstract

Pythiosis is caused by an aquatic fungus-like organism (Pythium insidiosum). It is considered an important public health issue as it can affect both animals and humans. This paper reports a case of gastrointestinal pythiosis in a dog. The patient was hospitalized for four days, during which the animal received supportive and symptomatic treatment. But the applied treatment was unsuccessful and the dog’s clinical condition worsened, culminating in death. Complementary imaging tests such as radiography and ultrasonography, as well as hematological tests, were performed during the hospitalization period. The definitive diagnosis was reached in the postmortem as macroscopic and microscopic characteristics suggested the presence of intestinal granuloma and accentuated multifocal suppurative necrotic enteritis. Additionally, the histological evaluation revealed morphological structures compatible with P. insidiosum. Also, the results of nested PCR performed
showed partial amplification (105 bp) of the ITS1 region of the ribosomal gene of P. insidiosum.

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Published

2022-02-25

How to Cite

Aguiar, D. M. de, Sifuentes, M., Magalhães, A., Pereira, N., Pescador, C., Cândido, S., Dutra, V., Nakazato, L., Barreto, U., Burema, M., Néspoli, P., & Rodrigues, J. (2022). Canine gastrointestinal pythiosis: a case report in Brazilian Pantanal from a diagnostic approach. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 59, e186005. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2022.186005

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Section

CASE REPORT

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