Molecular survey of Leishmania spp. in skin samples of capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) from different areas of Brazil

Authors

  • Agnes Antônia Sampaio Pereira Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto René Rachou, Grupo de Estudos em Leishmanioses
  • Hector Ribeiro Benatti Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal
  • Carina Carvalho Mori Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto René Rachou, Grupo de Estudos em Leishmanioses
  • Letícia Gracielle Tôrres de Miranda Estevam Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto René Rachou, Grupo de Estudos em Leishmanioses
  • Célia Maria Ferreira Gontijo Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto René Rachou, Grupo de Estudos em Leishmanioses
  • Hermes Ribeiro Luz Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal
  • Marcelo Bahia Labruna Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária Preventiva e Saúde Animal
  • Gustavo Fontes Paz Fundação Oswaldo Cruz, Instituto René Rachou, Grupo de Estudos em Leishmanioses https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5365-3393

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2022.190524

Keywords:

Leishmania spp., Capybara, Multiplex PCR, Rodents

Abstract

Leishmaniases comprise a spectrum of diseases caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania, with some species of rodents being incriminated as reservoirs. The capybara is the largest extant rodent species in the world and is widely distributed in South America. The occurrence of infection by Leishmania spp. was investigated in capybaras captured in Brazil during 2015–2019 from established populations in five highly anthropic areas of the state of São Paulo and two natural areas of the states of Mato Grosso and Mato Grosso do Sul. A total of 186 individuals were captured and subjected to abdominal skin biopsy. All skin samples were Leishmania kDNA-negative, suggesting that capybaras have no role in the transmission cycles of Leishmania species in the studied areas despite the well-known role of other rodents in the life cycle of Leishmania spp. 

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Published

2022-06-23

How to Cite

Pereira, A. A. S., Benatti, H. R. ., Mori, C. C. ., Estevam, L. G. T. de M., Gontijo, C. M. F., Luz, H. R. ., Labruna, M. B. ., & Paz, G. F. (2022). Molecular survey of Leishmania spp. in skin samples of capybaras (Hydrochoerus hydrochaeris) from different areas of Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 59, e190524. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2022.190524

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