Diagnosis of energy deficiency in cattle by ruminal metabolism tests

Authors

  • Pierre Castro Soares Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco, Departamento de Medicina Veterinária, Recife, PE
  • Celso Akio Maruta Universidade de São Paulo, Faculade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Veterinária, São Paulo, SP
  • Maria Claudia Araripe Sucupira Dra. Vallée S.A., São Paulo, SP
  • Clara Satsuki Mori Universidade de São Paulo, Faculade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Veterinária, São Paulo, SP
  • Sandra Satiko Kitamura Universidade de São Paulo, Faculade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Veterinária, São Paulo, SP
  • Alexandre Coutinho Antonelli Universidade de São Paulo, Faculade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Veterinária, São Paulo, SP
  • Enrico Lippi Ortolani Universidade de São Paulo, Faculade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Clínica Veterinária, São Paulo, SP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2006.26515

Keywords:

Cattle, Energy deficiency, Diagnosis, Ruminal metabolism, Ruminal tests

Abstract

Ten yearling crossbred rumen-cannulated steers were randomly divided in two equal groups for studying some ruminal metabolism tests in cattle fed adequate or deficient diets on energy. The control group (C) was fed a diet to gain 900 g/BW/d, while to the very deficient group (VD) was given a diet with 30 % less than the maintenance level of dietary energy. On the 140th d ruminal fluid and urine samples were collected at the basal and in the 1st, 3rd, 6th, and 9th h after the morning feeding. The energy deficiency caused significant decrease in the ruminal levels of total volatile fatty acids (VFA), propionic and butyric acids, and ammonium, an increase in time of methilene blue reduction test (MBRT) and decrease in the gas production in the glucose fermentation test (GFT); the urinary allantoin excretion rate (UAER) was also lower. The deficiency caused an increased in the molar proportion of acetic acid. There was no diet effect on the ruminal fluid pH. There were high positive correlation between GFT and VFAs and ammonium, medium positive correlation between MBRT and VFAs, ammonium, GFT and UAER. All studied variables were able to detect changes in the ruminal metabolism in cattle fed energy deficient diet, but the rumen fluid pH. Nevertheless, as far as the feasibility is concerned the MBRT, followed by the GFT should be adopted to allow a rapid and sensible diagnosis of dietary energy deficiency.

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Published

2006-02-01

Issue

Section

UNDEFINIED

How to Cite

1.
Soares PC, Maruta CA, Sucupira MCA, Mori CS, Kitamura SS, Antonelli AC, et al. Diagnosis of energy deficiency in cattle by ruminal metabolism tests. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2006 Feb. 1 [cited 2024 May 24];43(1):33-41. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/26515