Seroepidemiological inquiry of canine leptospirosis in the urban area from Botucatu, Sao Paulo State, Brazil

Authors

  • José Rafael Modolo Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Botucatu, SP
  • Hélio Langoni Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Departamento de Higiene Veterinária e Saúde Pública, Botucatu, SP
  • Carlos Roberto Padovani Universidade Estadual Paulista, Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Bioestatística, Botucatu, SP
  • Fábio Hiroto Shimabukuro Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
  • André de Oliveira Mendonça Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
  • Cassiano Victoria Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP
  • Welligton Borges da Silva Universidade Estadual Paulista, Faculdade de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia, Botucatu, SP

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.1678-4456.bjvras.2006.26567

Keywords:

Dogs, Leptospiras, Urban area

Abstract

Leptospirosis was seroepidemiologically investigated in 775 dogs from Botucatu, state of Sao Paulo, in blood samples collected during the annual anti-rabies vaccination campaign. The samples were collected from 14 out of the 45 vaccination stations geographically distributed in five different municipal districts, with a territorial urban area of 31Km². Samples were taken from 449 males and 326 females; 564 were of undetermined breed, and 211 were pedigree animals; ages ranged from 3 months to 20 years. Diagnosis included the microscopic serum agglutination tests using 12 Leptospira spp serovars. Serological results and epidemiological variables were compared using Goodman and chi-square tests, with c=0.05. There were 119 (15.3%) positive samples for 11 serovars; the most important was canicola with 48 (40.3%), followed by pyrogenes 41 (34.5%). Statistical analysis showed significant difference for: breed, 17.7% positive in undetermined breeds and 9.0% in pedigrees; and sex, 18.4% positive in males and 11.0% in females. There was no statistically significant difference in relation to age with uniform distribution of positives.

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Published

2006-10-01

Issue

Section

UNDEFINIED

How to Cite

1.
Modolo JR, Langoni H, Padovani CR, Shimabukuro FH, Mendonça A de O, Victoria C, et al. Seroepidemiological inquiry of canine leptospirosis in the urban area from Botucatu, Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Braz. J. Vet. Res. Anim. Sci. [Internet]. 2006 Oct. 1 [cited 2024 Apr. 14];43(5):598-604. Available from: https://www.revistas.usp.br/bjvras/article/view/26567