Evaluation of different proportions of calcium phosphate in the regeneration of bone tissue of rabbits: clinical-surgical, radiological and histological study
Keywords:Biomaterials, Bone healing, Surgery
The aim of this study was to evaluate the calcium phosphate, calcium pyrophosphate (CPP) with heat treatment at 700 and 900 ° C, tricalcium phosphate combined with hydroxyapatite (TCP/HA) and hydroxyapatite (HA) as bone substitutes. We used 20 rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus) of both sexes, New Zealand breed, with mean weigh of 2.5 ± 0.41 kg. The animals were randomly divided into two groups of 10 animals in the period in which they were euthanized (30 or 60 days). The implants were placed on the proximal and distal metaphysis of each femur so that CPP 700 and 900 were introduced in the left, while TCP/HA and HA in the right. Clinical and radiographic-surgical evaluations were performed immediately after surgery, and 30 and 60 days post-surgery. The animals showed normal clinical evolution. In the radiographic evaluation there was statistical difference between groups with higher degree of radiopacity at group 60 days that used TCP/HA and HA implants. In the histological evaluation by light microscopy and morphometric analysis the materials TCP/HA and HA showed greater one formation around the implants than CPP700 and CPP900 at 30 and 60-days evaluation.
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