Evaluation of an oil emulsified vaccine against bovine colibacillosis using semi-purified K99-F41 adhesins
Keywords:Escherichia coli, Bovidae, Vaccines
The K99 and F41 fimbrial antigens were extracted from Escherichia coli B41 strain by heating, and semi-purified by precipitation with ammonium sulfate and treatment with sodium desoxicolate (DOC). The semi-purified antigens K99 and F4I were used to prepare an oil emulsified vaccine against bovine colibacillosis. The vaccine was made up containing in each dose 1,500, 750 or 380 HU (Haemagglutinating Units). The test of the vaccine efficiency was measured by gel immunodiffusion and ELISA test. Challenge of calves from vaccinated and control cows was carried out with the virulent Escherichia coli B4I. Our findings suggested that 750 HU vaccine, induces better production of anti-K99-F4l antibodies in vaccinated cows, and the transference of these antibodies to calves through the colostrum, gave full protection to challenge. Furthermore no adverse effects were observed in any of the vaccinated cows.
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