Monitoring of neutralizing antibodies against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus in calves
Keywords:Infectious bovine rhinotracheitis, Herpesvirus 1 bovine, Calves
AbstractThe present study was accomplished in a farm in the municipality of Viradouro, in Northeast region of São Paulo State, aiming at monitoring during a period of 8 month the serum neutralizing antibody titers against BHV-1, in calves born from BHV-1 naturally infected or not infected cows. These cows were vaccinated and revaccinated against Infectious Bovine Rhinotracheitis (IBR) before parturition. The blood serum of 34 calves, separate in four groups, were analysed in this experiment. The results demonstrated that in groups of calves borned from soropositive and unvaccinated cows, the colostral antibodies persisted, in mean, until the calves were 3 months old. Calves borned from vaccinated cows, independent of these cows being infected or not, in general, presented means of antibody titers higher than the means presented by calves from unvaccinated cows. However, not even these antibody titers impeded the calves infection owing to high prevalence of BHV-1 (86.8%) in the locality of the study. The high prevalence of BHV-1 (86.8%) in the locality of the study resulted in the detection of maternal antibodies, by the serum neutralization test, in calves borned from uninfected cows, probably as a result of cows seroconversion in the interval between the screening test and parturition. The high prevalence also led to the infection of the calves from unvaccinated cows after the decline of colostral antibodies.
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How to Cite
Moreira, S. P. G., Samara, S. I., Arita, G. M. M., Ferreira, F., & Pereira, G. T. (2001). Monitoring of neutralizing antibodies against infectious bovine rhinotracheitis virus in calves. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 38(3), 127-130. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-95962001000300006
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