Metabolic and endocrine changes of hybrid boars (Landrace x Large White) during the first year of life and its relation to the establishment of puberty
Keywords:Boar, Metabolism, Puberty, Testosterone
AbstractThe present study aimed to determine changes in endocrine and metabolic parameters in male pigs during the first year of life and its relation with the puberty. Six male pigs of 22 at 360 days of age were used in this study. Body weights and blood collection were performed every seven days for evaluation of serum glucose, insulin, cholesterol, albumin, urea, calcium, phosphorus, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), gamma glutamyltransferase (GGT), non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA) and testosterone. From the weight gain and testosterone levels were established three periods: prior to puberty (1-5 months old); puberty (6-9 months old); postpubertal (10-12 months old). During these periods testosterone levels were 0.6 ± 0.1 ng/mL, 1.8 ± 0.2 ng/mL and 1.8 ± 0.2 ng/mL, respectively (P < 0.0001). Positive correlation was observed between testosterone levels and albumin levels, age and body weight, and a negative correlation between testosterone levels and calcium, glucose and GGT. Glucose levels decreased throughout development (P < 0.0001) whereas NEFA levels were higher in pre-pubertal (P = 0.01). The enzyme GGT levels had decreased from puberty (P < 0.0001), and AST had their lowest levels at puberty (P = 0.0003). Albumin showed higher levels during puberty (P < 0.0001). The urea values were stable until puberty, and increased post-puberty (P < 0.0001). The levels of calcium and phosphorus levels had lower post-puberty (P < 0.0001). Thus, puberty is a period of fluctuation in the levels of metabolic markers of hybrid male pigs due to the effect of testosterone on energy, protein and mineral metabolism.
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Rabassa, V. R., Feijó, J. O., Pereira, R. A., Acosta, D. A. V., Hax, L. T., Silva, A. de C. J., Oliveira, A. M. de, Schmitt, E., Del Pino, F. A. B., Bianchi, I., & Corrêa, M. N. (2013). Metabolic and endocrine changes of hybrid boars (Landrace x Large White) during the first year of life and its relation to the establishment of puberty. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 50(4), 323-330. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2318-3659.v50i4p323-330
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