Evaluation of the virulence in hamsters (Mesocricetus auratus) of Mycobacterium avium strains from the swine population of the south of Brazil
Keywords:Mycobacterium avium, Virulence, Swine, Micobacteriosis, Tuberculosis
AbstractThe finding of four clusters of M. avium (PIG-A, B, C and D), typed by the IS1245-RFLP method, infecting the swine population of the south region of Brazil, the possible existence of virulence differences among them, the role of the virulence in the transmission mechanisms of infections and the existence of reasonable doubts regarding the importance of horizontal transmission for swine micobacteriosis, the virulence of these four strains of M. avium were compared. Bacteria from each cluster were inoculated in 48 hamsters by intra-peritoneal route. On the 2nd, 13th, 26th, and 40th days after inoculation, (T1 to T4), 12 animals of each cluster were sacrificed with vapors of ethyl ether and the bacteria were quantified in the liver, spleen and lung. Results were expressed as cfu/g of organ. The presence of the strains was verified in the blood and histological exams were also accomplished. The four strains induced granulomatous lesions in the liver and spleen since 2 days after inoculation and were disseminated to the lungs through the blood stream. The cfu counts from spleen were always bigger them that obtained from liver and lungs. Differences among strains were observed through the analysis of cfu counts from spleen (T1: p; PIG-A>; PIG-D>; PIG-C.
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