Effect of the covariance between maternal and direct effects on the analyses for the traits days to gain 160 kg
Keywords:Genetic correlation, Genetic Parameters, Models, Rank, Spearman Correlation
AbstractThe aim of this work was to study the effect of the covariance between maternal and direct effects on estimatives of genetic parameters and on predictions of breeding values for days to gain 160 kg in the pre-weaning period (D160). The analysis were carried out using the MTDFREML software. The model 1 included the direct and maternal genetic effects and permanent environmental effect and the fixed effects of the contemporaneous group and the covariable age of dam at calving, assuming the covariance between maternal and direct effect (sigmaam;¹;0); the model 2 included the same effects of model 1, but the covariance between maternal and direct effects was considered zero (sigmaam=0). The rank correlations were obtained using Spearman correlation. The direct and maternal heritabilities for D160, were respectively, 0.12 ± 0.01 and 0.09 ± 0.02, for the model 1, and 0.12 ± 0.01 and 0.07 ± 0.02, for the model 2. The correlation between maternal and direct effects was -0.14 ± 0.12 (model 1). The inclusion of the covariance between maternal and direct effects in the analysis models had no influence on the genetic parameters and on the rank of the animals classified by breeding values, when all population was considered. However, as it reduced the proportion of selected animal was reduced there was a corresponding reduction on ranking animals through the two models.
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