Occurrence of exotic Salmonella serovar in assymptomatic dogs in Ilheus City / BA - Brazil

Authors

  • Bianca Mendes Maciel Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Ronaldo Costa Argôlo Filho Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Edmilson Santos de Freitas Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Flávia Fernandez Kruschewsky Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Brena Farias Santos Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Graziella Dias Rocha Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Rita Maria Costa Wetler Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA
  • Luci Ana Fernandes Martins Universidade Estadual de Santa Cruz, Departamento de Ciências Agrárias e Ambientais, Ilhéus, BA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-95962004000400005

Keywords:

Salmonella spp, Antibiotic resistance, assymptomatic carrier

Abstract

Fecal samples from dogs residing in areas of poor living conditions in Ilhéus city / BA were examined for Salmonella spp from June 2001 to April 2002. Eighteen (9.47%) of 190 animals were found to be positive. 66.6% of those samples were taken from one year old puppies, 56% of the positive animals were fed by table scrap, 66% did not drink treated water and 67% had a domiciliary behavior. Symptoms of salmonellosis were not present in 83% of all positive animals. S. Gafsa represented the most prevalent serovar (38.9%), followed by S. Rubislaw (27.8%), S. Carrau (16.7%) and S. enterica subsp. Houtenae (11.1%). One sample could not be identified. Gentamicin was the most potent in vitro drug for the treatment of salmonelosis, followed by ampicilin. Our results confirmed that dogs represent an important reservoir of exotic Salmonella serovars and that there are different patterns of sensitivity to drugs among them.

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Published

2004-08-01

How to Cite

Maciel, B. M., Argôlo Filho, R. C., Freitas, E. S. de, Kruschewsky, F. F., Santos, B. F., Rocha, G. D., Wetler, R. M. C., & Martins, L. A. F. (2004). Occurrence of exotic Salmonella serovar in assymptomatic dogs in Ilheus City / BA - Brazil. Brazilian Journal of Veterinary Research and Animal Science, 41(4), 247-253. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1413-95962004000400005

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UNDEFINIED

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