Casuistic analysis of surgical diseases in the Small Animal Surgery Sector of FMVZ-USP from 1988 to 2007
Keywords:Surgery, Dogs, Cats, Small animals, Casuistic
Veterinary surgical pathology presents a long list of diseases that more often affect dogs and cats each day. Little information has been obtained from literature about surgical effects in dogs and cats. The present study describes and analyzes the frequency of surgical effects served in the Small Animal Surgery Service, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of São Paulo, from 1988 to 2007, classifying the finds in eight categories: cardiorespiratory apparatus, digestor apparatus, dystrophies, genitourinary apparatus, hematopoietic system, locomotor apparatus, paratopies and skin and annexes components. We evaluated a total of 18.585 surgical cases and observed that the number of canine diseases and presented procedures was more than six times the number of records in cats, and locomotor diseases show a higher rate of occurrence in both dogs and cats, constituting the most representative sample found. The diseases associated with genitourinary showed the second highest frequency, mainly due to urolithiasis derived from new eating habits. Paratopies, disorders of the digestive system and skin and appendages were observed on nearby frequencies in both species. The dystrophies, cardiorespiratory and hematological disorders were infrequent both in dogs and in cats. The annual mean of cases (801.5) is adequate to characterize the routine as well as the most common surgical diseases seen in the São Paulo State and São Paulo City.
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