Claude Lefort y los regímenes de la política en las Américas
Palavras-chave:Claude Lefort, Post-Marxism, Carl Schmitt, Democracy
Since the transitions to democracy of the eighties, two trends of post-Marxist thought had dominated the debates in the region. On the one hand, that of a reading of Gramsci that was split between a more conventional, social-democratic version and a poststructuralist, self-proclaimed radical one. On the other hand, there was also a quite influential trend: a phenomenological one that relied on the anti-totalitarian theorizations of authors such as Hannah Arendt and Claude Lefort. The fellow travelling of these two parallel theoretical and political projects came to an end, however, with the Schmittian turn given by some of the authors associated to the label of radical democracy. This paper will conclude with a critique of this “turn”. Before that, however, a summary and reformulation of Claude Lefort’s notions of forms of society and regimes will be offered as a general framework for the reconsideration of these debates.
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