Capitalismo e lutas sociais: abordagens recentes à articulação entre Marx e Polanyi

Autores

  • Ricardo Framil Filho Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2595-2536.v31i2p69-91

Palavras-chave:

Lutas sociais, Capitalismo, Karl Marx, Karl Polanyi, Lutas de classes, Duplo movimento

Resumo

O artigo explora contribuições recentes que propuseram a articulação teórica entre ideias de Karl Marx e de Karl Polanyi para conceptualizar as lutas sociais. São identificadas duas abordagens: perspectivas seletivas, que destacaram as diferenças entre as lutas de classes tal como definidas pela tradição marxista e as reações sociais teorizadas pela tese do duplo movimento de Karl Polanyi, e sínteses ecléticas, que enfatizaram a convergência potencial entre essas diferentes expressões de contestação social. Buscam-se, assim, os elementos fundamentais de uma teoria das raízes estruturais das lutas sociais no capitalismo contemporâneo. Explora-se com maior cuidado, então, as teorias de Michael Burawoy e de Nancy Fraser. Uma leitura comparativa indica que essa orientação teórica é promissora porque permite associar as lutas sociais a contradições sistêmicas, mas revela, também, que persistem dificuldades conceituais relevantes. Conclui-se que mais do que uma teoria definitiva, os debates suscitados por essa vertente teórica sugerem questões centrais para a reflexão sobre o trabalho, as classes e as sociedades capitalistas em um sentido amplo.

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Biografia do Autor

Ricardo Framil Filho, Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Filosofia, Letras e Ciências Humanas

Doutorando em Sociologia na Universidade de São Paulo.

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Publicado

2020-08-16

Como Citar

Framil Filho, R. . (2020). Capitalismo e lutas sociais: abordagens recentes à articulação entre Marx e Polanyi. Cadernos CERU, 31(2), 69-91. https://doi.org/10.11606/issn.2595-2536.v31i2p69-91